Even local fires that occurred in an apartment or in a house leave behind them pungent odors of smoke and burning. A burnt smell impregnates fabric, upholstery, walls, ceilings and flooring. To get rid of the consequences of a fire, you can use various methods depending on the severity of the fire. Let's figure out how to remove the burn after a fire and what is required for this.
Ways to eliminate the smell of burning in the room
After ignition, care must be taken to remove visible smoke, since combustion products adversely affect the human respiratory system and lead to various diseases. To prevent this, it is necessary to open the windows wide open and arrange a draft in the room. With the help of such ventilation, you can remove most of the smoke and burning, as a result, they less soak upholstered furniture and objects.
To remove the smell of burning you need:
- ventilate the room often
- do not use air fresheners, as such products only exacerbate the situation,
- leave in the house containers filled with salt water or vinegar, they can absorb even the most corrosive aromas,
- carry out a thorough cleaning with the treatment of places of fire, walls, doors and other surfaces with a solution of vinegar. To do this, you need to use new rags, since all the old ones are saturated with a burn,
- dry-clean textiles and clothing or wash and dry yourself. Entrust professionals to clean upholstered furniture, carpets and shoes. Things that cannot be restored after a fire need to be quickly disposed of,
- at the final stage, turn on the ionization of air, if any, or ozonize the air.
The specifics of special chemistry
To effectively eliminate the severe burnt odor, specialized formulations are used. They have a high level of concentration and are diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3. To enhance effectiveness, dilute the composition with warm water. The tool is economically consumed, does not cause allergic reactions and does not contain toxic components. After diluting the composition, it must be used for 5 days. The product can be frozen without loss of effectiveness, but it must be well mixed before use.
Chemical processing safety recommendations
When cleaning the smell of burning with professional chemical compounds, you must follow the safety rules and carry out cleaning of surfaces in sealed rubberized gloves, construction glasses, a protective respirator and protective clothing. You can wear a uniform or a special apron. This cleaning should be carried out in well-ventilated areas. If a chemical agent gets on the skin or on the mucous membrane of the eyes, you need to quickly rinse the affected area with plenty of water. If pain and discomfort remain for a long time, you must go to the hospital. Keep chemicals away from small children and animals.
Main hacks: (July 2019)
Even a small fire quickly contained in a house can cause extensive smoke damage. Everything that does not turn into ash or is very charred by fire is likely to be covered with a film of soot residue. After such a catastrophe, most people cling to emotionally significant objects, such as photographs and photo albums. While most minor smoke damage can be removed from photographs using simple household materials, severe cases should be treated by a recovery specialist.
Smoke damage can leave a layer of soot above your valuable photos.
Handle all photographic items with a pair of latex gloves. Using your bare hands can result in additional blurring and damage to your fingerprint.
Remove soot from the front and back of all damaged prints with a soft bristle brush. Use a light, gentle touch when cleaning soot.
Remove hard spots of soot or any burnt material using the edge of a dry sponge.
Mix one cup of warm water and a few drops of mild dish soap.
Saturate the microfiber fabric with the mixture, and then squeeze out the excess moisture. Use a cloth to clean photo album frames and jackets. Rinse and remove tissue as needed.
Place an open drawer of baking soda in a large plastic bag. Set the photos inside the bag next to the box and fasten the bag for two days to remove the smell of smoke.
Causes of Smoke Poisoning
In case of fire, the danger is not only open fire. Smoke poisoning of smoldering materials during a fire occurs due to the ingress of smoke through the respiratory tract. The poisoning effect is primarily provided by two substances in it:
- carbon monoxide,
- and hydrogen cyanide is dangerous even in small quantities.
The presence of cyanide in the smoke is due to the fact that it is available in building materials.
Carbon dioxide blocks hemoglobin, thereby disrupting the supply of oxygen to various organs, oxygen starvation develops. Cyanide disrupts energy metabolism in the structure of tissues and cellular respiration.
When various materials are burned, irritating gases are formed, which, when combined with water, form corrosive solutions - nitric, sulfuric and sulfurous acids, ammonia. They cause damage (chemical burns) to the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, narrowing of the small bronchi and the accumulation of fluid in the lungs.
The smoke may contain highly toxic phosgene gas, which occurs when the contents of a fire extinguisher come in contact with a hot surface.
Is it possible to be poisoned by smoke while sitting by the fire? It turns out that the smoke from the fire is as destructive for the body as the smoke of cigarettes. When forced cooking on a fire in the body daily receives the amount of tar, equivalent to smoking 2 packs of cigarettes. Children and pregnant women are most prone to smoke poisoning from a fire. They suffer from chronic diseases of the respiratory system, infants are born sick. Cataract develops from smoke.
When burning garbage, fallen leaves, there is also a danger: plastic bottles, grass with roadside pollution with diesel fuel, gasoline and so on fall into the garbage.
Of particular danger are smoke poisoning from burning plastic, foam rubber, rubber, paints and varnishes, plywood - the resulting phosgene and dioxin, cause malignant diseases, and cyanides contribute to the development of severe allergic reactions.
In wet weather, toxic substances combine with water vapor, hang in the air, settle on the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract.
Smoke poisoning from meat or fish burnt in a pan gives the resulting mixture of carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2). Often the victims are children whose parents forget about the pan remaining on the stove and leave the house, or lovers of the “green serpent”.
Symptoms of Smoke Poisoning
The main signs of smoke poisoning are:
- the appearance of general weakness,
- heaviness in the head
- headache (in the frontotemporal region),
- facial redness
In case of smoke poisoning, symptoms may appear after several hours, but severity can increase very quickly, representing a danger to life.
Irritating gases cause a burning nature of pain in the throat and chest, persistent cough. During the day, a bluish tint of the skin appears, shortness of breath develops, followed by pulmonary edema.
With a severe degree of poisoning, breathing is frequent and shallow, convulsions appear, respiratory and cardiovascular failure develops. Maybe involuntary urination. Death occurs from respiratory arrest and heart failure.
With massive forest fires in nearby settlements, many people of different ages may be disturbed by malaise, poor general health, and disorders of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
The life of the victim often depends on the assistance provided to him. What should be done in case of smoke poisoning? First you need to call an ambulance or contact a nearby medical institution. Before the arrival of specialists, first aid should be started.
First aid for smoke poisoning includes the following measures.
- The victim must be taken out or taken out into the fresh air, freed from clothing making breathing difficult - to unfasten the collar and belt.
- Drink hot strong tea.
- To accelerate the elimination of toxins from the body, give a sorbent: the most powerful of them is the new generation Polysorb MP sorbent, but Activated Carbon is also suitable.
- If you faint, carefully sniff cotton wool with ammonia.
- Make sure that the airways are free, and if vomit is present, release the oral cavity from them.
- In the unconscious state - lay the victim (turning his head to one side), to prevent the tongue from falling into the air.
- Check for pulsation in the carotid artery.
- In the absence of palpitations and breathing, perform an indirect heart massage and perform artificial respiration.
- To exclude hypothermia - if necessary, put warmers at the feet, while avoiding skin burns, taking into account a decrease in pain sensitivity.
The doctor will decide on further treatment after the examination. After hospitalization, the patient is provided with prolonged breathing with oxygen, which displaces carbon dioxide from its connection with hemoglobin. Within three hours, the hyperventilation mode is established - the oxygen concentration in the inhaled air is about 80%, and then it is reduced to 50%. In especially severe cases, treatment is carried out in a pressure chamber with increased oxygen pressure.
Symptomatic treatment is carried out depending on the severity of the condition. If there are indications, then are used:
- heart remedies
- vitamin therapy.
As a result, the following conclusions can be made - smoke can be poisoned in various situations: in case of a fire in a room or in a forest, from a fire when burning garbage, or during cooking due to the burning of food in a pan. Of particular danger is the smoke from the combustion of plastic. Symptoms of poisoning are weakness, redness of the face, shortness of breath, increased heart rate, headache. In cases of poisoning, first aid should be provided, and in severe cases, seek medical attention.