After several years of operation, computer technology tends to break. For most desktop owners, replacing an item is not a big problem. For example, replacing a hard drive or drive can be quite easy. However, for laptop owners this can be a problem, because many are wary of the work of the internal parts of their laptops. However, if your hard drive crashes in your laptop or you need more space, you can easily replace it by reading this article.
Reasons to replace your hard drive
In some cases, it may be necessary to replace the laptop’s HDD with a new hard drive? There are three main reasons:
In the case of personal computers, everything is simpler. If you need to increase the amount of memory, it is enough to install an additional hard drive (through the SATA connector - inside, or via USB - outside). Notebooks simply do not have space for installing a second HDD, so the only way out is to replace the disk installed by the manufacturer with a larger one.
When the disk becomes old, the recording time on the magnetic plates increases, which leads to periodic hangs of the OS. Reading information is also seriously slowed down. Installing a new hard drive will help correct the situation.
Everything is obvious here: without a new hard drive, you will not be able to establish normal laptop operation. Moreover, if the HDD is out of order, in most cases it cannot be repaired, it is easier to buy a new one.
- You need to increase the volume of the drive
- You want to speed up the system, improve its performance
- Old disk malfunctioning or not functioning at all
About older laptops
If you have an old laptop model, then it is possible that you will not succeed in increasing the volume of your hard drive. The fact is that second-hand laptops in Bios have certain restrictions that will not allow installation (the disk simply cannot be determined by the system). Even if you can increase the volume on such a laptop, most often you have to look for old hard drives for this, since modern HDDs do not suit them.
Signs that it’s time to change the hard drive:
- Loud clicks and other sounds that violate the monotony of work are constantly heard from it,
- When you turn on the laptop, the drive is not visible,
- The device displays a message that there is no operating system,
- During operation, the opening time of folders has increased significantly,
- The OS boots too long
- OS periodically freezes
- The device itself starts to reboot,
- A blue screen (BSOD) sometimes appears on a laptop.
The procedure for replacing a laptop drive with a new one can be performed independently. To do this:
- Shut down the laptop, disconnect the charger,
- Turn the device over, remove the battery (although in many models the battery will not interfere with the replacement),
- Loosen the screws (usually located under the plugs (legs) of the laptop). A hard drive will be located under one of these screws. Having unscrewed all the screws, you can easily extend the drive chassis (in older models of laptops, a complete disassembly may be required),
- Carefully remove the original case where the hard drive is located,
- Unscrew the hard drive from this box,
- Take the new disk and similarly place it in the case, and then in the chassis, which slides into the case,
- Screw in the outer bolts,
- If you pulled out the battery, insert it back.
An old hard drive, if it is more or less efficient, can be used as an external HDD. In order not to damage the case of the hard drive (usually many microcircuits are located directly on the surface), it is recommended to place it in a special case (it can be purchased at a computer store).
But replacing the old disk with a new one is only the first step. Now the disk in the laptop needs to be formatted and the OS installed on it. You can try turning on the laptop and you will see that the system does not boot.
You can install the OS from a disk or flash drive. The installation process is no different from a similar process on a computer. Usually it’s enough to follow the instructions of the “Installation Wizard”, which will independently configure the standard parameters of the screen, desktop and other functionality.
SSD Drives for Laptop
Solid State Drives or SSDs are becoming more popular today. These are non-mechanical storage devices based on which there is no traditional magnetic disk for HDD. All information is written to such a disk immediately in the chip.
Solid State Drive Advantages:
- They are immune to shocks and vibrations since there are no mechanical moving elements in the structure. This gives reliability to the laptop. Previously, any drop in the laptop could lead to the failure of the hard drive. Now, even significant mechanical influences absolutely do not affect the disk.
- SSDs have a high read and write speed compared to traditional hard drives. Moreover, this advantage is not symbolic, the reading speed is several times higher. This is due to the fact that all information is read directly from the microcircuit, without the participation of magnetic elements. This increases the speed of turning on the OS and the speed of the laptop as a whole.
- SSD saves energy. You will immediately notice this when you see how long your portable device has been working without recharging.
- Almost silent operation, as there are no moving elements. For the same reason, the disc is characterized by low heat dissipation.
Important: when buying a new disk, it is necessary that it satisfies the parameters of the allowable voltage of the laptop. Otherwise, the laptop may fail very soon - the power supply will not withstand the load (and replacing it is not as easy as the HDD). It is recommended that you consult with a specialist. He will recommend a hard drive suitable for your laptop model.
Replacing a hard drive in a laptop is already a routine. You can do it yourself. If at least once you installed a new hard drive in a computer, then this task should not cause you any difficulties with the example of a laptop.
Hard drive - what is it?
First, we need to figure out what the hard drive looks like and what its purpose is. A storage device for a laptop, the main function of which is the accumulation and storage of information, which is a small compact box, which can be:
- Individual (compatible only with specific models).
- Universal (suitable for several models at once).
This feature is very important to consider when choosing a new storage device for your laptop.
You also need to clarify whether it is possible to carry out such an operation with your laptop at all. If you use an old model laptop, then there is a chance that you will not succeed in replacing the hard drive. The fact is that in BIOS (a system that provides OS access to all devices) the fear of laptops there are limitations that simply will not want to accept a new hard drive. This is possible only if you pick up an old hard drive, as modern models will not work.
So, We understood what a hard disk is and what its purpose is in a computer. We are approaching the main topic. People who have never delved into the computer’s device will probably think that in order to get the hard drive (hard drive) you will have to disassemble the laptop’s floor to the screws. We will be forced to upset you. Everything is simple here. In order to install a hard drive in a laptop, you will have to perform the following steps in turn:
1. First, unplug the laptop and unplug it.
2. Then close the cover and turn the device upside down. It is advisable to remove the battery, although on some models it does not interfere with the installation of a new hard drive.
3. You will see a cover that is mounted on several screws (on some models this cover is not screwed on, but simply inserted into a kind of grooves). You must remove this cover. Under this cover, the hard drive will hide. You can understand this by the corresponding stickers, or simply compare with the new hard drive that you want to replace.
Important tip: It is advisable to use a special set of screwdrivers. For example, sentries. These screwdrivers are much smaller than standard ones, and it will be much more convenient for them to unscrew the screws of the laptop. On all laptops, the storage device is installed on special guides. Before removing the hard drive, you must first unscrew these guides (slides). The hard drive has a special tongue, which is needed so that you can safely remove the hard drive from the laptop without damaging either one or the other.
4. When the hard drive is free of all mounting screws, remove it.
When reinstalling a new hard drive, you must perform all of the same actions listed, but only in reverse order.
1. Insert a new hard drive.
2. Fasten it to the device with fixing screws.
3. Close the lid, which then itself must be fixed with screws (if necessary)
4. Install the battery.
5. Turn the laptop over.
6. Connect to the network, and then turn on the laptop.
This was only the first stage of installing a new hard drive.
The second stage - installing a new hard drive
At the second stage, we need to work with the operating system itself and make the laptop accept a new storage device. It is necessary to install the Operating System on the new hard drive, and before that it needs to be formatted. This process is practically no different from the usual installation on a computer. Just insert the installation program of the Operating System through the USB flash drive into the laptop and follow the instructions of the "Installation Wizard". He will do all the work for us. We hope that our article helped you very much, and you, guided by the algorithm for installing a new hard drive, easily replace the old hard drive with a new one.
Ways to connect 2 drives to a laptop
Option number 1: install the disk in the second slot in the laptop
Some laptops have two slots for hard drives (though I want to say right away that the configuration of such laptops is quite rare). Basically, such laptops are classified as gaming and are quite expensive.
To find out how many slots you have, just look at those. characteristics of the laptop (if you do not have documents for the device, you can look on the Internet for the model of the laptop), or simply remove the protective cover from the back of the laptop and take a look yourself (Important! Do not open the cover if the laptop is under warranty - this may be a reason for failure from warranty service).
Because the chance that you have two slots is small, I’m not focusing on this option. An example of such a device, by the way, is in the photo below.
If you want to buy a disk for a laptop, but don’t know what to stop at, then I recommend that you read this article here: https://ocomp.info/kak-vyibrat-disk-dlya-noutbuka.html
Option number 2: install the SSD in the special. connector (M.2)
If you have a new modern laptop, it is possible that you have an M.2 connector (an SSD connector is present in many new products (usually those that are more expensive than ☺)). Created as a replacement for mSATA. Allows you to get maximum performance from installing an SSD drive.
In order to find out if you have such a connector, you can:
- knowing the laptop model (how to find out the model), look at its tech. characteristics (the Internet is full of sites with all models of mobile devices ☺),
- you can simply open the back cover of the laptop and personally look for the desired connector.
Acer Aspire R 13 convertible laptop - there's room for another drive
By the way, this M.2 connector is quite "insidious" (even many experienced users get confused). The fact is that he has a lot of varieties. Therefore, even if you have a similar connector, before ordering a new disk, check out this article here: https://ocomp.info/ssd-m2-kak-vyibrat-nakopitel.html
Option No. 3: connect an external HDD / SSD to a USB port
An external hard drive can help significantly expand the space. It is a small box the size of a regular phone. Connects to a regular USB port. Such a drive, on average today, can accommodate about 1000-4000 GB (i.e. 1-4 TB).
If you are considering models with additional power (the adapter usually comes with some drives), then the capacity can reach up to 8 TB! I think that over time it will be even higher.
Note! You can buy external hard drives cheaper than in a regular store on AliExpress - https://ocomp.info/kak-zakazat-tovar-na-aliekspres.html.
External hard drive
There are some cons, however, in this option: extra wires on the table, lower speed of interaction with the disk (if the HDD is on average up to 60 MB / s via USB 3.0), and inconvenience when carrying the laptop (it’s one thing to take a laptop in one hand and to go, and another - to additionally mess around with an external drive.).
True, there are undeniable advantages: such a disk can be connected to any laptop or PC, it can transfer information from one PC to another (it will not take up much space in your pocket), you can buy several such disks and use them one at a time.
Option number 4: install another disk instead of a CD / DVD drive
Well, the most popular option is to remove the CD / DVD drive from the laptop (the vast majority of models have it) and insert a special adapter (some call it a "pocket") with another disk (HDD or SSD) instead. I will write this option in more detail.
What kind of adapter do you need? We are determined.
First you need to correctly find and select this adapter. In our usual computer stores, it is rarely found (you need to order in some Chinese online store, for example, on AliExpress - https://ocomp.info/kak-zakazat-tovar-na-aliekspres.html).
Note: in English, such an adapter is called as "caddy for laptop" (this is exactly how you ask in the search bar of stores).
Universal adapter for installing a second disk in a laptop instead of a CD drive (2nd HDD Caddy 12.7 mm 2.5 SATA 3.0)
There are 2 important points:
- adapters are of different thicknesses! Actually, as well as discs and CD / DVD drives. The most common are 12, 7 mm and 9.5 mm. Those. before buying an adapter - you need to measure the thickness of the CD / DVD drive (best with the help of a bar-compass, at worst - with a ruler)!
- CD and DVD drives and drives can come with different ports (SATA,>
Measurement of thickness of a drive for compact disks
How to remove a CD / DVD drive from a laptop
In general, of course, a lot depends on the design of your laptop. The most common case: on the back of the laptop there is a special protective cover, removing it - you can see the mounting screw that secures the drive to the laptop slot. Accordingly, having unscrewed this screw, it is possible to take out the drive freely.
Some laptop models do not have a protective cover - and in order to get to the inside, you must completely disassemble the device.
Note: before removing the protective cover (and indeed, performing any manipulations with the laptop), unplug it and unplug the battery.
How to remove a CD drive from a laptop
Most often, the drive is fixed with one screw (see photo below). To remove it, in most cases, you need a Phillips screwdriver.
Unscrew the screw holding the CD drive
After the screw is removed, just pull the drive tray slightly - it should “come out” of the tray with a little effort (see photo below).
We take out the drive from the slot
Installing an SSD / HDD drive into an adapter, and an adapter into a laptop
Installing an SSD / HDD drive into an adapter is nothing complicated. It is enough to put it in specials. "pocket", then insert into the internal port and fix it with screws (screws are included with the adapter).
Place for disk installation
The photo below shows the installed SSD drive in a similar adapter.
SSD is installed in the adapter and fixed with screws
If the thickness of the adapter and the disk was chosen correctly (no more than the thickness of the CD / DVD drive), then it can also be quietly pushed into the slot and fixed with a screw (if there is such a mount on the adapter).
If the thickness of the disk / adapter is chosen correctly, but there are problems with insertion into the slot, pay attention to the compensating screws on the adapter: some models are equipped with them (located on the side walls of the adapter). Just remove them (or drown).
installing an adapter with an SSD drive in the slot for a CD drive
After the adapter with the disk is installed in the slot for the drive, put the neat socket on the adapter so that it looks like a real drive and does not spoil the appearance of the laptop. Such sockets, usually always come with adapters in the kit (in addition, you can remove it from the removed CD drive).
Checking if the disk is displayed in the BIOS
После того, как установите второй диск, рекомендую после включения ноутбука зайти сразу же в BIOS и посмотреть, определился ли диск, видно ли его. Чаще всего, определившееся диски можно найти в основном меню: main , information и пр. (см. фото ниже).
1) Если не знаете как войти в БИОС, рекомендую вот этот материал: https://ocomp.info/kak-voyti-v-bios.html
2) Возможно вам будет полезна статья о том, как перенести Windows с жесткого диска (HDD) на SSD накопитель (без переустановки системы) - https://ocomp.info/windows-s-hdd-na-ssd.html
Итоги (что важно)
- первоначально, проверьте, нет ли у вас в ноутбуке еще одного слота для жесткого диска, или нового разъема для SSD M.2,
- сейчас в продаже есть множество внешних накопителей, подключаемых к USB-порту - возможно это лучший выход, чтобы расширить свободное место,
- перед покупкой переходника для установки диска вместо привода компакт дисков - узнайте какой толщины у вас сам CD/DVD привод и какие порты используются (самые популярные толщины: 9,5 и 12,7 мм),
- Do not open the protective cover if your laptop is under warranty (this may be the reason for the refusal of warranty service),
- perhaps after installing a new disk, your Windows will refuse to boot. In this case, you need to check the BIOS settings (whether a new disk has been detected and put it in the right boot queue), and in some cases it may be necessary to restore the bootloader. About it here: https://ocomp.info/vosstanovlenie-windows-10.html#__Windows
That's all, for amendments and additions - I thank you separately.
- Video MOUNTING
Great software to start creating your own videos (all the steps are steps!).
Even a beginner will make the video!
- Computer accelerator
A program for cleaning Windows from garbage (speeds up the system, removes garbage, optimizes the registry).
Please tell me from your experience how best to do in my case. This question is more to this article, in the other you did not answer.
It is necessary to two hard drives in RAID 0 mode, to deliver the third SSD to the mSATA connector. I want to transfer Windows 7 to the SSD to increase the speed of the laptop, and at the same time free up space for the HDD to be specifically for my files.
I do not quite understand the nuances. Other articles write that you need to change the BIOS to ANSI mode if you deliver another SSD to the HDD. And it is also recommended after that to put the OS clean, and not from the image.
Everything is already set up for me, and it seems to me that it would be easier to simply transfer the seven.
Windows 7 is licensed, the drivers are also official. Which option is advisable to choose in my case so that in the future the laptop works without problems? Maybe I messed up something? Thanks for the answer.
It seems that I answered I didn’t understand you completely, but still.
1. An SSD will work faster (I think your device supports SATA II III) than your hard drives in RAID 0, so it makes sense to install an SSD (especially since you have a free slot for it, as I understand it).
2. There will be glitches after the transfer or will not be difficult to say (and it is unlikely that someone will be able to give guarantees). There is only to try. If you follow the instructions, then you do not delete anything from the hard drives and they remain safe and sound: if something goes wrong, you can always return everything to its original state (just remove the SSD and return the BIOS settings to original).
3. I understand that you are worried that after transferring Windows from the HDD to the SSD: the speed with the IDE will be low (+ Trim will not work). And if you switch to ACHI, then the system will not boot, because It was originally installed on the HDD in IDE mode. So?
I would do this: transfer the system from HDD to SSD. Then I downloaded the migrated Windows 7 from the SSD. After in the registry branch HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE SYSTEM CurrentControlSet services msahci (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE System CurrentControlSet Services IastorV) edited the start parameter to 0 (it will most likely have 3-4).
Next, I would reboot the laptop, go into the BIOS and change to ACHI. After reboot - Windows 7 would start to install firewood. (this is ideal if everything goes well)
4. Some recommend setting clean as the previous "focus" described by me does not always go through and Windows after switching to ACHI may not boot.
5. Total: for starters, I would try to transfer the system and see what and how (of course, without deleting anything from the HDD so that everything can be returned back). If it doesn’t work, then install a clean OS on the SSD (select ACHI before installation), and transfer data and software silently. Something like this.
Yes, you answered, but only on my first comment)
1. That's right, there is a free slot for mSATA, it seems the version of SATA II.
2. Clear, thanks.
3. I don’t worry about speed, I just read about it and there was an opinion that the SSD can only work with the HDD in AHCI mode, and not otherwise.
I think I understand that it turns out when cloning the OS with these programs, the SSD can work simultaneously with the HDD and in IDE mode (or whoever has the BIOS default, I have RAID).
So first I will try to transfer the OS without manipulating the registry and without switching to AHCI. Or if it doesn’t work, then with AHCI and reinstall the OS.
Interesting article, thank you.
There is the following situation: Lenovo G510 laptop, I7, 12GB RAM, 1TB hard drive. Instead of the main one, I installed a Kingston SSD 240GB, and instead of the tray I put the old HDD. I threw the system through Paragon Migrate OS to SSD ™ 4.0, everything seemed to be good for the first month.
Then the fun began: at times the second 1Tb hard drive stopped seeing the laptop, although it was turned on, it happened in the middle of the day that it detected that a new device was connected. The bolts are all tightened, the tray is tightly connected. And hell generally started recently - when loading, the laptop began to freeze (the sound of the loading greeting jammed and the mouse cursor worked jerkyly) - when the tray is turned off, everything works perfectly. Reboot at least 10 times. I checked it hard, it is in good condition through the program.
My question has ripened: can it be that the laptop lacks power? (Block native, powerful)
Of course, I think I’ll put another tray, more expensive, but damn it’s a shame to throw out a good amount if it’s not in the tray.
1) Try to install SSD (not HDD) instead of the tray - it is less demanding (they have the same voltage, but by amperes. There is still a difference). At the same time, check the tray itself with this test.
2) In general, there is a suspicion that the problem is with the hard drive, or with this adapter / tray * (at least, it looks very similar to this, and it is more likely than the first). You can say for sure only after the tests.
I would also recommend connecting a hard one to another device and driving.
Good afternoon. I bought a laptop asus r540mb. Tell me, how can I add a second railway if I don’t have a dvd drive, I don’t consider connecting via usb.
Thank you in advance.
Judging by the specifications, your laptop has one slot for HDD and there is no drive or slot for m2. Therefore, here either put a larger disk, or USB.
Hello, I have a Toshiba SATELLITE A300-1MT laptop, there is a second HDD bay, but this slot does not have the connectors for the hard drive itself, I thought maybe this series of laptops is like this? Could this be? )
Of course it can, and not only with the HDD but also, for example, with RAM.