This summer, Vadim and I went on vacation on the cordon to his uncle the huntsman Fedor Kuzmich - were going to fish on Semiozero, where the huntsman promised us excellent fishing.
Photo: Anatoly Mailkov.
Since in the coming days he was busy with urgent matters, he could not lead us to the lake. Vadim, although he visited the cordon more than once, he never reached Semiozero.
Seeing our understandable fishing impatience, Fedor Kuzmich suggested that we go fishing in the Rotten Stream.
“Today I need to get to a distant plot,” he explained, “and therefore we are on our way.” While I do business, you go fishing. And on the way back I will come after you. Tired, leave without waiting for me.
“But is there a fish in the Rotten Creek?” - surprised Vadim, - as far as I remember, there she wasn’t born ...
Fedor Kuzmich narrowed his eyes cunningly and, looking at a relative, judged:
- Do not rush to conclusions…
“We only take fishing rods,” said Vadim, already addressing me.
“Grab a spinning just in case,” Fedor Kuzmich advised.
- Are we going to catch frogs on spinning? - objected Vadim.
“Take it, take it…” the huntsman insisted.
We took two fishing rods with us, a spinning rod, and putting on mosquitoes, went to Rotten Stream.
The morning sun was already burning in full, but because as soon as we went out into the forest glades, where the air was without movement, we immediately plunged into the aromatic stagnant stuffiness and sweated. But I didn’t have to go long.
The rotten stream, where Fedor Kuzmich brought us, was a narrow channel with silty shores, densely covered with aquatic plants. Only here and there among them were tiny tiny mirrors of water. And the water itself was an unpleasant dark brown color, very cold. Apparently, the creek was fed by underground springs.
Vadim and I silently looked at this gloomy, unfriendly place and, probably, he was overcome by the same thoughts as me, because he asked:
- Uncle Fedor, so where is fishing here? Here and nowhere to throw a fishing rod.
- And you look for whirlpools-catch, - uncle advised him and, after a pause, added. - In them, all the fish keeps on ...
- So be it, - Vadim waved his hand, - there’s nothing to do, if you are here, you have to try. If you succeed!
“Try, try,” Fedor Kuzmich advised us, and wishing him successful fishing, he went deeper into the forest.
We, having conferred, decided to go in different directions to examine the stream. Moreover, Vadim categorically refused to take spinning as unnecessary. I had to take it to me.
I went upstream, Vadim - down.
... Binding along my ankle in viscous squishing mud, I slowly wandered along the stream, looking for a place where it would be possible to cast. But it did not come across in any way.
Finally, when I was completely desperate and was about to turn back, among the green wall of tall grass I saw a tiny space of clean water. It was so tiny that you could easily get the rod to any part of it along the perimeter.
I hesitated ... On the one hand, is it worth wasting time on such a hopeless place? On the other, do I have a choice? The attempt is not torture.
He put a greasy gadfly on a hook, swung it to throw the bait in the middle of the backwater, but he didn’t calculate well, and it sank onto a willow bush, bending over the water on the opposite side. Shook the rod, the hook with the gadfly fell off the shore.
For a few seconds, the float stuck out motionless, then abruptly “dived”. I quickly hooked and pulled out a palm-sized carpentry. The next cast is another carpenter, a little smaller. The third is again a carpenter. Then he pulled out six different-sized perches.
These fish chased any bait and literally threw themselves on a hook. Even when there were only miserable fragments of a worm or gadfly on it.
Suddenly, as if on command, the bite stopped. And then I remembered spinning.
He stepped away so as not to fall on the willow bush again, and threw a lure. As soon as she plopped down into the water, as soon as a sharp jerk. Vigorously hooked, the fish bounced to the side and froze. The fishing line noticeably weakened, and I thought that the prey fell off.
However, when he began to choose the fishing line, the fish twisted, then, sparkling with yellow-red fins, jumped out of the water with a cool candle. That was a pike a kilogram and a half.
I easily dragged her ashore. Again he threw a spoon, and another pike fluttered on the grass. For the third time, no one got into a lure, and again I took up the fishing rod. In a short time, I caught six carp, one and a half dozen perches.
Read stuff "Female look at the knife"
... Meanwhile, lead clouds clouded the sky and a nasty fine rain began to rain.
Soon Vadim came. For several minutes he silently stared at my catch. And having come to himself, he asked:
- Where did all this come from?
- But from there! I answered, taking another roach off the hook.
“I have nothing ...” he spread his hands.
I don’t know why: either we scared away all the fish, or the increased rain was to blame, or for some other reason, but it stopped biting. It is possible that only temporarily. But we did not wait for the bite to resume, collected the catch and hurried to the cordon.
On the way, I kept thinking how wrong the first impression might be ...
A tiny, nondescript backwater, almost a puddle, gave shelter to so many fish, some of which became my prey. The huntsman was right!
And we did not see the frogs. So much for the seedy Rotten Stream ...
Features of fishing on small rivers
Spinning fishing on small rivers should take into account the basic rules:
- it is advisable to use the bait of the fine fraction in combination with a small bait. The reason is not only the size of the average individuals, but also the susceptibility of such reservoirs to active pressure from fishers. An interesting feature - a smaller bait is several times more effective than a large one,
- due to the small width of the stream, it is better for the spinner to use short rods, there is no need for long versions, this will only cause inconvenience. It is convenient to catch an ultralight fishing rod in a length of about 2-2.4 m,
- ice melting and warming of the reservoir occurs much faster, that is, the inhabitants wake up from sleep earlier than in large rivers. Here, the season not only begins earlier, but also ends, as the cooling of water also accelerates,
- a small forage base among the inhabitants of the reservoirs leads to the frequent capture of individuals of small or medium size. Trophy specimens come across only a very successful fisherman. More often large individuals are caught in a reservoir if, during a flood, a river connects with large reservoirs,
- fishermen often go to the reservoir, which leads to the absence of a large number of fish. The most pressed rivers are near the city, as they can be reached by bus. On pressed reservoirs, the fish goes well to standard baits for fishing or, conversely, avoids them,
- if the prospective site is in the forest, at the bottom there will be an abundance of snags or many overhanging tree branches. This is a good place for fish, as it finds shelter in the snag, but the fisherman will need high casting accuracy. We recommend the use of gear, in which in case of a hook it is easy to replace the equipment. Be sure to use a thin fishing line for leashes, you can always cut them off and keep the main fishing line,
- basically the feeder is not effective, since the depth of the reservoir does not allow to lower the tackle deeply. If there are holes at the bottom, the bottom gear will be appropriate in them,
- an important feature of shallow rivers is the ability to see prey underwater, but remember that the fish also sees the fisherman, so camouflage is extremely appropriate.
Small river fishing gear
Spinning on small rivers is sure to take a small length, otherwise constant hooks on the branches are guaranteed, creating extra noise and casting difficulties. Experienced anglers recommend taking models about two meters, for the scope of such gear there are more options and lower risk of breakage or hooks of gear. Two-meter spinning is enough to catch the center of the river, but usually enough to cast bait to the opposite bank.
Light spinning for small rivers is the most convenient and versatile option, as it allows you to hunt almost all fish in the river. When choosing gear, it is better to take with a test up to 20 g. There are also fans of ultralight, they have the preferred rod test - up to 5 g. The classic donka from spinning does not require special rods, but when installing feeders you will have to take options with a big test.
The best system in such conditions is ultrafast or fast, with their help it is easier to carry out a variety of postings of any lures. Their additional advantage is high casting accuracy, which is especially important due to numerous obstacles in small water bodies. The disadvantage is somewhat difficult catching of prey in comparison with slow and medium tunnels, but this is a forced sacrifice.
The method of execution of the handle is an important parameter of the rod; in small ponds it is convenient to use a short monolithic handle. With this form, one-handed casting is facilitated. Ultralight fishing rods are often performed with a spaced handle, this is done in order to reduce the weight of the structure, they are suitable for our purposes.
If fishing is planned for fishing, we recommend using a special spinning - arefishing, originally intended for fishing in paid reservoirs. Alternative options are trout fishing rods adapted for fishing on fast rivers. Features of the use of mormysheks necessitate specific fishing techniques and tactics. We recommend taking these rods up to two meters in length with a 3 g dough and slow formation.
With regard to reels, we can use multiplier models, but inertialess options are easier to master for a novice angler and in general they are more convenient to use. Multipliers are suitable for testing rods from 10 g, as they provide better sensitivity and control of equipment. Coils of sizes 1000 and 2000 are comfortable for ultralight, and 2000-3000 are suitable for light, although 4000 are sometimes used, but for specific tasks.
With regard to float and spinning light fishing tackle for streams, we can choose budget options, their reliability is acceptable for the task. When fishing for high-quality models, ultralight rods and reels will be expensive, and Chinese options will lead to frequent breakdowns.
Fly fishing for grayling in spring
In Western Siberia, the liberation of rivers from ice is accompanied by a strong, sometimes catastrophic flood, especially in the conditions of friendly spring, which ensures rapid melting of snow. The waters of small rivers and even small streams become turbid turbid streams, overcoming which, grayling breaks into the very upper reaches to spawn (in large numbers - in the first days of May).
By mid-May, the water drops noticeably and slightly lightens. This time can be called the “golden” week of catching large grayling.
Spawning first, large individuals grayling descend from the upper to the places of summer stay and eat actively - this is, firstly.
Secondly, the murky water still “disguises” the fisherman, and the grayling does not behave very carefully: when he sees the bait almost in front of his nose, he calmly grabs it, not seeing the one on the shore. These circumstances force us to be patient, holding the fly for a long time in the area of the alleged grayling site, and they also determine the installation of gear and the supply of the fly.
The simplest and most effective solution that I came to fairly quickly was to use a small foam float with a rod (photo 1), at the ends of which there are slots for fishing line, making it easy to put the float on the fishing line and quickly adjust the length of the leash. The fishing line inserted into the slot is fixed with a piece of nipple rubber tubing.
At the same time, however, the resistance of the float to the pull of the grayling grabbing the fly increases, it throws it faster, which reduces the time for the reaction by hooking to bite. A compromise is needed here.
The main difference from a traditional float rod is loading only the float itself, while the front sight has great freedom of movement, the “radius” of which is determined by the length of the leash, which depends on the depth of fishing - an extremely variable parameter. Again, the conditions in which the grayling does not see the float can increase its visibility for the angler by painting the four upper symmetrical sectors of the float with a black waterproof marker 2–4. Such a contrasting color makes it possible to clearly see the float in rapidly changing conditions of light reflected from the surface of the water (sun, shadow, ripples).
Installation of spinning equipment for small rivers
Small ponds open wide horizons for the fisherman to choose how to mount the lures.
- standard jig. It has limited nozzle mobility, but is easy to install and easy to learn,
- with the help of an eared sinker. Allows the bait to move more easily in the water,
- drop shot. The main difference is the installation of the sinker and hook directly to the main fishing line. At the very end we set the sinker, and place the hook with the bait a little higher. The most popular when fishing from a boat in deep holes, because it provides a stable game of the bait with almost no displacement,
- layering. It resembles the previous installation method, but differs in the attachment of the hook to the leash, and not the base,
- Caroline equipment. Gives good bait mobility, but has a high risk of hooks, is used only on a relatively clean bottom,
- texas snap. It is based on an offset hook with a special sinker. These features contribute to the increased patency of the bait,
- Veki is an actively spreading snap, its main difference is in fixing a large silicone worm to the central part of the bait. An interesting way is that it provides an interesting game on the course.
Important! When choosing leashes, it is important to give preference to strength and stealth, but the emphasis on the first or second parameter depends on the type of fish. On the pike, it is preferable to use metal options, and for other varieties of the inhabitants of the reservoir, fluorocarbon is a universal material.
How and where to fly grayling
The essence of wiring with a float is to throw (or lower, or deliver an alloy) the fly to the site of the alleged grayling and keep the float in this place for a minute or two. At this time, the fly, having in stock a leash vacation length (20, 30 cm or more), will move along an unpredictable trajectory until it passes at a distance noticeable for grayling.
The main thing is to try to make sure that the float itself “spins” in this place, and the main fishing line is not stretched most of the time: pull up - weaken, direct - weaken, and, fusing, let the line in time. Only in this case graylinggrabbing fly and instantly turning back to the parking lot, he will get some free play for a turn, and the fisherman will have time for cutting.
The recommendations presented in some books on the need to keep the line taut, apparently, were rewritten by one author who had never caught grayling. Already from the experience of my first fishing trips, when, having read the “classics”, I tried to keep the fishing line taut and got a lot of bites, which I did not have time to answer by hooking, I realized that everything had to be done exactly the opposite.
Position A1 - fishing line is tense, position B1 - fishing line is weakened. The arrow shows an approximate trajectory of the grayling, which, having seized the fly, at the next moment unfolds and returns to the shelter. If the fishing line was pulled, the fly in most cases flies out of the mouth (position A2). If the fishing line has been loosened, the fly stays in your mouth (position B2) - it's time for a hook. It happens that grayling itself is detected when it selects all the free play. The grayling sites (more precisely, the places where he pecks) can also be described from the general standpoint of the characteristics of the river flow.
Under the waterfall you can always find several lulls and small whirlpools in which the float will make circular movements, or slowly swim 15–20 cm (or more) in any direction, and we will only, in the first case, only “accompany” it with movement spinning and, in the second, periodically return it to its original position.
Similar places where we carry out the same way can be found at the inputs of the fast jet into the whirlpool, at the weakening of the expanding jet at the end of the whirlpool, at the boundary of the main jet with a slow or even reverse flow, and in turns. In shallow, fast areas, you need to explore the places behind the stones, where pits are formed, in which there is one, but large grayling. Interesting formations are, as I call them, “balconies”. They are found on the sides of the main stream, which before a sharp turn crashes into a rock.
Со временем струя углубляет дно сначала перед скалой, затем к середине и ближе к началу струи, в результате чего образуется значительный перепад дна от ее начала к концу. Поток, приобретая все больший наклон, еще более ускоряется, а по бокам остаются практически горизонтальные длинные «ванны», иногда отгороженные небольшим бордюром, которые заполняются водой в начале струи. Течение в них идет вкруговую, и с помощью поплавка нужно обследовать все затишки «балкона» и все круги, постепенно расширяя «радиус» проводки поплавка.
Often these formations serve as a refuge for several graylings. By the way, such balconies and other changes in the relief of streams and small rivers even among the rocks occur rather quickly. In just twenty years of fishing in the same places, I observed the gradual drainage of two of these "balconies" as a result of a drop in level and an increase in the angle of the stream. A little later, when the water is cleared, it is necessary to mask. And that is the problem. After all, there is still no tall grass on the shore, and leaves on the bushes. There is nowhere to hide, but the rivers and streams are shallow, and you can safely go into the water.
You can catch grayling around you, sometimes right under your feet. Obviously, grayling perceives those who are in the water with less apprehension than those on the shore. It can be assumed that the behavior of a living creature in water is more predictable for fish in terms of the ability to retreat in the dangerous direction of its movement. The locations and methods of posting are almost the same, however, the time begins when grayling increasingly refuses worm-shaped baits and selects small flies.
Fly fishing for grayling in summer
Streams finally enter the channel, the water becomes transparent, and grayling completely switches to flies (in the sense of biting) and ignores the "worms". And at the same time grayling simply “hates” the float. There is only one exception that I know: after heavy rains, when the water rises heavily, the grayling can be successfully caught on worm-shaped baits with a "spring" float tackle, making wiring directly along the coast, almost at the very edge of the water. And this is understandable: flooding the soil, the water makes worms crawl out of it (“breathe”), which the grayling hunts to safely find in muddy water.
Mounting gear is also based on the principle of free play. To do this, you need to tie a relatively thick shock leader with a size of 2-3 spinning lengths to the main braided line. I use a monofilament fishing line with a diameter of 0.4 mm. A leash with a fly about 40 cm long and 0.14–0.18 mm in diameter is attached to the end of the shock leader.
The diameter of the leash depends on the size of the fish caught and should enable its vertical extraction from the water. The role of a shock leader when piloting a fly in the water column is to create sagging fishing line under the influence of its weight, which gives the biting grayling the opportunity to turn around with the fly in the mouth and begin the reverse movement to the parking lot.
This is the best moment to hook. For fishing on the surface it is convenient to use a movable leash with two flies (the same can be used). To do this, knit the figure eight knot at the end of the shock leader, tighten it, form a loop in the form of the number 8, insert a line of fishing line about 60 cm (leash) and finally tighten the figure eight (photo 3). We attach flies to the ends of the leash so that the leash is about 40 cm long.
While fishing, we shift the leash so that one of the flies (the first) rests on the shock leader’s knot, and we catch on the second. When it gets very wet and begins to sink, we shift it to the knot, blow it and catch it on the first (and the second finally dries). Now about the bait - artificial front sight.
Dry flies we put it on the surface and let it flow downstream for about 1–1.5 m, accompanying the spinning movement, then raise and lower it to its original position. At the same time, to create a free play, we draw 20–25 cm of fishing line from the first spinning ring, forming a small overhang in front of the reel. And there are amazingly versatile flies - those that work in all of these cases. For example, Tup’s Indispensable (according to M. Kurnotsik) works great as a suspension (flying) and as surface (dry), and as wet - in the water column (photo 5).
This fly can be connected from any materials, the main thing is to observe the proportions: a third of the body is yellow, two thirds are white, a black head and gray (or black and white) tail and legs. I knitted my first “taps” from sewing thread and several striated (“pepper and salt”) wools with the eyebrows of my schnauzer remaining after the haircut.
As a dry fly in the afternoon, you can use any other simple fly (red, olive, yellow), connected by the type of a feather or hair, and as a wet one - imitations of larvae of mayfly, caddis flies, amphipod, many fantasy ones. In the evening, with the onset of dusk, any dry white fly will be most effective, since at that time the years of small white butterflies such as mayfly begin.
Where and how to catch
To find grayling in streams and small rivers is quite simple. It is necessary to explore places where it is not visible. That is, where there are ripples, foam, depressions, jets, whirlpools, stones, and not where the bottom is visible in detail. In other words, where he can hide from prying eyes (if you saw him, most likely he will also be you, so he will not bite).
In these places, a dry fly will constantly sink in the breakers, foam, whirlpools, so it is better to immediately carry it out as wet. By the way, a wet fly, as a rule, pecks a little less often, but the probability of catching a trophy is higher. The exception is the streams of streams, which are rather extensive places with a quiet course, where the depth and width are approximately the same, for example, 0.5 m each.
Carefully pushing the coastal thickets of tall grass, you can see clusters of grayling of various sizes. Further to the side (to the right or to the left of ourselves by the length of the spinning rod), slowly lower the fly to the surface and catch it on the “suspension”. The fact that this action is quite noisy (grayling flies out of the water, grabs the fly, flies back due to free play, we immediately cut and extract it) grayling does not bother for some time, and you can catch a few pieces.
The places with the highest concentration of grayling in the summer are narrowing of the river bed without a bottom drop, where, as through a funnel, water flows without any disturbance, and its surface is replete with small smooth sections (“mirrors”).
The place for grayling is fodder, because the entire thickness of the stream is visible, and no larva or fly will swim unnoticed. The advantage of a fisherman is a fast current that does not leave time for grayling to study the bait, the main thing is to catch it, and you can figure out what got into your mouth later. Therefore, you can use a variety of flies, both dry, letting them fly over the surface, and “flying”, hanging them above the “mirrors”.
Fly fishing for grayling in autumn
At first, autumn fishing does not fundamentally differ from summer fishing, but by October mass migration of grayling from small streams and small rivers to larger ones begins, where grayling will winter. In October, it is often found in medium rivers. There are no more flying insects, so we catch on wet flies and worm-shaped baits.
In small rivers, large concentrations of grayling can be found on the reaches, although it is problematic to catch it here. Even at depths of about a meter, due to extremely clear water, he sees the fisherman perfectly and shies away from the bait that has fallen into the water. You need to climb to the place where the reach begins, where there are ripples (this does not have to be a pronounced roll), which will serve as a disguise, from where and throw a fly to the opposite bank. Further, having melted the fly into the reach, close the coil and slightly swaying the tip of the spinning, allow the fly to melt along the arc, crossing the river from coast to coast.
Then repeat everything, each time increasing (and then decreasing) the release of fishing line. In a similar way, you can fish on plums, where the flow is accelerated, before the rifts of the middle rivers. Another way is to climb into the middle of a shallow reach and let the fly fly to the sink, throwing it to the shores, or lowering it directly in front of you. On separate warm sunny evenings of October, you can observe the years of small black butterflies directly along the wall of the coastal yellowed grass.
Xarius going to the shore and in ordinary places does not bite. Carefully approaching the water, you can catch on any black (or any dark) fly using the “dummy” method. Having lowered the fly to the surface, you need to periodically raise and lower it so that the circles diverge. It is clearly seen how soon a fish (dace or grayling) appears and after a short pause calmly approaches and grabs the fly. It is very spectacular.
In late autumn, even when the snow fell and lies, but the rivers have not frozen yet, catch grayling on the fliesdepicting worms, gammarus and maggots using light and ultralight techniques spinning. In addition to grayling, in small and medium rivers of Siberia, dace, perch are well caught, ide comes across. In the warm rivers of the south I had a good time catching a barbel, and when I pecked in a deep whirlpool, it was later clear that I was carp, I had to cry for help. A gentleman with a sucker rescued (photo 6).
River fishing: the difference from fishing in ponds
Photo 2. Fishing on the river with the use of a boat - purely river gear.
Fishing on rivers from fishing in stagnant bodies of water is distinguished not only by the presence of a current (which can be a fisherman as an assistant or an obstacle). The river inhabitants also show slightly different habits, in contrast to their lake counterparts.
By the way - among the fish there is even a special group called scientifically “rheophiles"(From the Greek" ῥέος "- flow, stream, and" φιλέω "- I love) - they can always be found in the river, and very rarely - in the pond.
Photo 3. Rhino fish is a typical rheophile.
Consequently, river fishing and fishing in stagnant waters may also differ in objects of fishing, although there are a considerable number of fish, which are equally caught here and there.
In addition, new types of fishing spots appear on the river, uncharacteristic of stagnant waters. All this encourages the fisherman to use special tactics and apply special - "river" gear.
Finally, the most important difference between river fishing is that by the volume of water, and therefore - by the number of fish, rivers - especially medium and large - noticeably overtake most lakes and reservoirs. Therefore, fishing on them is usually more interesting and successful than on ponds, and the fish are larger.
Well, small rivers - due to their secretness and inaccessibility - can give the fisherman so many impressions and extreme sports that it will not seem enough.
The source of the river and the beginning of fishing
Virtually all rivers begin with keys spurting out of the ground. In small streams, they run down from elevated places, and in terms of fish are completely uninhabited. But now, as the water increases in them, and the slope becomes more gentle, and in addition to the streams there will be lulls and indentations in the riverbed - then the first fish appears.
Photo 4. Minnow prefer to stick in a flock. This is one of the first fish found in small streams. Photo by Etrusko25.
Usually this - char and bellied minnow. Much less often is the company common sculpin (mainly in wild, little-visited taiga rivers). These species tolerate icy spring water well, and the magnitude of the watercourse — its depth and width — seems completely indifferent to them.
Photo 5. The char of the mustachioed and the grayling yearlings coexist quietly in a small stream.
Downstream juveniles join these fish grayling and brook trout. But the fisherman all of the above small fry is not at all interesting, so real fishing on the stream is possible from those places where depths of about half a meter already begin.
Usually, by the time half-meter pits appear in the creek, it becomes a full-fledged river, even though it can still be jumped in some places, and you can walk along the rift in ordinary boots. But in the whirlpools - especially those that are hidden in the coastal thickets - quite decent trout and grayling are hiding.
Preferred gear, attachments and fishing spots
In the smallest rivers you can catch on a very limited set of gear, among which there is no competition - a summer mormuscular fishing rod with a side nod. This progressive tackle has undeniable advantages over a classic fishing rod. Firstly: there is no sinker and float on it - those extra elements that can scare away fish at shallow depths. Secondly - it allows you to play with bait, and this is an additional attractive factor (by the way - there are even specialists who in this way fish exclusively on mormyshka-without a fishing rod). Thirdly, with a nodded fishing rod we can’t actually care for driftwood, branches hanging low above the water, and any other places where you can “plant” an ordinary float tackle without even having time to cast it properly. The only possible minus is a certain difficulty in simulating a feed that is freely melted downstream - for this some skill is required.
Photo 7. Typical, locked place on a river. In such conditions, you can fish only for a summer nod, all other gear will likely be useless.
However, where the depths are already approaching a meter, and there are no obstacles - you can fish on a traditional fishing rod.
In order to increase the catchability of the float tackle, the sinker is best removed, and instead of a simple hook use a nozzle mormyshka.
As for the float - it should be as low as possible for the fish, that is, have a minimum size and proper color. Compact floats, adapted for fishing at shallow depths, painted below in white, brown and dark green, showed themselves well. The classic goose feather, so adored by old-school fishermen, is also used, but some skill in wiring is necessary (hooks with a keel for bottom soil are possible). And in the villages people do not bother at all and successfully use pieces of wine cork.
Of the nozzles on miniature rivers, animals are used - this is due to the species composition of the ichthyofauna, but the plant nozzles will also work - but somewhat downstream (where other fish come from grayling and trout). A bloodworm, a worm (best of all - red, dung, emitting yellowish odorous mucus when compressed), maggot, bark beetle are planted on a hook or mormyshka. Or - flies, grasshoppers and other bugs - found in coastal grass.
In general, for such places, nozzles can be used in the most diverse, but the best - as practice has shown - are found here - in the river. For example - caddis. It can be searched for in shallow shallow waters or upstream - where the river is still quite shallow, as well as in streams flowing into it. Another option is leeches.
Photo 9. Larvae of caddis flies is one of the most accessible and best nozzles on small rivers.
The fish is by no means as stupid as it seems, therefore, when fishing on different baits, one should choose their feeding horizon correctly. On those insects that usually float on the surface - should be caught in the upper layers of water. But worms and larvae are best served closer to the bottom. If everything is mixed up, then the fish will trite consider the bait “spoiled” (!) And the chance of biting will be noticeably reduced if it does not tend to zero at all.
A few lines should be given to bait. In my opinion, on the smallest rivers - due to the cramped conditions and the constant change of place by the fisherman, it is absolutely useless. Moreover - by inadvertently feeding, you can even scare away the fish. Therefore, it is better to save the bait for watercourses in a larger way (we will discuss it later in the chapter on medium rivers).
Not only a floater or brawler will find joy on small rivers, but also a spinning player. Here is the very place for "ultralight", and its branches such as "micro-jig" and "mormyshing." Some enthusiasts even contrive to catch artificial flies with the smallest bombardment to catch, although this equipment requires some room - for casting and flying. On the most tiny rivers, it often catches bushes. Like fly fishing.
In fishing on a small river, the following trend almost always takes place - the smaller the watercourse, the more places will have to be changed, catching every hole. This is true even for float and bottom fishing methods. Well, of course - the smaller the depth and distance between the shores - the better the fisherman should disguise himself, and the quieter he should behave during fishing.
If the riverbanks are composed of soft, completely eroded soil, then small niches are often formed under them, especially in places where the channel bends and the main stream comes close to the shore. Fish also likes to hide in these depressions.
Among other places that you should definitely pay attention to are thickets of butterbur standing half a stalk in the water. In them, even grayling does not disdain to sit.
Photo 10. Thickets of butterbur - a place where not only a trifle of fish is hidden, but also predators.
The rifts on the smallest rivers at first glance may look “fishless”, especially at the height of summer, when the water level is minimal. However, this does not mean at all that there is no sense in fishing here.
Photo 11. Roll on a small river. It seems as if there is no fish here, but grayling can “sit” behind each of the stones that lie at the bottom.
If there are places on the shallows where the depth at least reaches 20 centimeters - then the chance of meeting the same grayling here very increases. Well, of course - behind the roll, where the flow rate decreases, usually all decent fish are standing.
Small river fish
In addition to grayling and trout, in small rivers there are also:
- Chub. It is not shy of stormy water and comes across even where there are small rapids and a very powerful current. Ловят голавля разными способами, начиная от ловли «впроводку» — на самые разнообразные насадки (как животные, так и растительные), и заканчивая спиннингом. Если ширина реки позволяет — то весьма добычлив будет способ ловли корабликом.
- Елец. Эта рыба предпочитает места чуточку по-спокойнее: там, где умеренное течение чередуется с перекатами и быстринами, а дно — каменистое, галечное или песчаное. Размером елец невелик. Обычно его ловят на удочку и нахлыстом, но также вполне недурно таскают его и на ультралайт.
- Плотва. Встречаться начинает там, где появляются места не обязательно шибко глубокие, но с зарослями водной растительности.Usually roach is fished on float tackle or summer mormyshka, some enthusiasts manage to catch it with ultralight or “mormyshing”.
- Ide. Like dace, it appears where there are still fast sections, but the bottom prefers a soft one - clay, clay. Catch him with a fishing rod, donka, spinning.
- Burbot. It can rise in small rivers rather high, especially if the water is icy, spring. This fish is caught on bottom tackle.
- Pike. For her, the size of the watercourse is not so much important as the presence of potential hunting ambushes - places where you can take refuge and calmly stand, waiting for prey. Usually begins to be found in small rivers with roach. They catch pike in small rivers with a spinning reel.
- Perch. It begins to occur around the same place as roach or pike. They catch perch on float tackle - on animal nozzles (the best is a worm), or by spinning.
- Ruff. He avoids the fast flow, begins to meet where quiet streams and bays appear on the river. Caught when fishing from the bottom.
- Bream. It prefers sufficient depth (about one and a half meters) and a slow flow. It avoids cold water, therefore, it is not found at all in spring taiga rivers. In small rivers it is usually found on lowland areas - where all the necessary conditions are present, in foothill places - only where there are quiet deep stretches, bays and backwaters. In general, this fish most likely gravitates to medium and large rivers - there is a better food supply there. Typically, bream are caught with float tackle or donkey.
- Gustera. It is similar to the bream in preferences and fishing methods, it is often found with it, although it is probably even more heat-loving.
- Bleak. As well as bream, it loves a quiet course, but can be found at lesser depths. He loves places where tree branches bend over the water. A lightweight fishing rod is used everywhere in this fish. Nevertheless, bleak can be caught with mormuscular gear or fly fishing.
- Asp. It is believed that he prefers to stay where there is sufficient space for "maneuvers", and therefore it was once believed that he avoids small rivers. In fact, everything turned out exactly the opposite: the asp does not only enter small rivers, but also rises high enough along them. True, his behavior in small streams changes radically - he becomes “quieter than water, lower than grass” and usually does not give himself out in bursts. Asp on small rivers are caught on wobblers and spinners.
- Goldfish. In some rivers it is found in decent numbers, preferring to stay in quiet places with a muddy bottom. He loves bays, backwaters, sleeves (well, of course - old ladies) - where he usually comes across float and bottom gear. Nevertheless, in some places this fish adapted to the course and formed a special ecological form, which differs from ordinary crucian carcasses in a more runny physique. Such "river crucian" can come across even where there are rapids and rifts.
- Tench. Like crucian carp, it loves quiet, silty places, but always with powerful thickets of water plants. They catch it in the same way - with a fishing rod and a donka, however, it is much less common in fishery catches.
- Carp (carp) Carps that run away from the ponds in small rivers begin to be found where there are pits at least a meter and a half deep, as well as areas with developed aquatic vegetation. Usually they are caught on bottom and float tackle - in overgrown shallow waters where the fish goes out to feed in the afternoon.
- Taimen. Being a large river predator, it does not disdain small streams at all. In small rivers it can rise quite high. The usual sites for this fish are pits after rapids (taimen comes to feed on rapids themselves in the morning and evening hours). They catch taimen for spinning - for spinners and wobblers, as well as for an artificial mouse. However, recently the number of this fish has been declining, in many regions it is prohibited for catching.
In small rivers, there are other species, such as: tweezing, gudgeon, upper, haste 1, but they are usually not involved in fishing because of the small size of these fish. Unless, some of them may need a fisherman as bait fish.
Fishing on the small river is one thing, while on the middle river is another. But where does the first end and the second begin? Once, our former editor-in-chief seriously thought about it, the result of which was the following essay. According to this story, geographers divide rivers in size, in particular in terms of their catchment area, but this does not tell the fisherman anything, it’s easier for him to look at the distance between the banks. As for the minimum width, which should correspond to the end of the small river and the beginning of the middle one, opinions on this on the Internet and in the literature were divided (options were offered at 100, 50 and 30 meters, which only added unnecessary trouble to the question).
I know one place in the middle reaches of Chusova where it narrows its channel greatly - from 50 to 16 meters. Theoretically, there should be a powerful threshold with a turbulent flow, but the river remains quiet and only slightly murmurs on a small rocky shallow. Interestingly, this place is generally quite shallow. Where does the decent volume of water go, which is observed upstream? This riddle quite excited my mind - as long as one autumn night I didn’t put on wagons and walked with a lantern to the neighboring shore. I quickly crossed the middle of the channel along an almost smooth rocky bottom, and the water was barely above my knee. But suddenly I saw something from which the hair on my head almost stood on end. In front of my boots there was an underwater failure, to the bottom of which the beam of the flashlight could not reach. Now it became clear that the small width of the river in this place is offset by a very decent depth.
Photo 15. At first glance it may seem that this is a small river, but in fact it is not.
Therefore, the width is not always possible to determine - a small river or "considerable". How then to be.
Best river tackle
There is such a tackle, called a “ship” 2. The principle of operation for her is like that of a flying snake, but everything happens not in three-dimensional airspace, but on the two-dimensional plane of the surface of the water. A float with swimming “wings” - is carried away by the strength of the current, but due to the angle of attack - it does not go along the channel, but at an angle to the opposite bank, and pulls a handrail with leashes, the baits at the ends of which crawl along the surface of the water. During the period of mass flight of insects (and not only, by the way!), This tackle puts spinning in all its variations (including the buld) on both blades, fly fishing and donkey (!), Not to mention the float. Its advantage over other gears is a huge fishing area, limited only by the length of the stock of fishing line on the reel. A boat is a tackle purely for rivers 3, and I am not afraid to call it the best for running water.
Photo 16. A ship plows river expanses.
So, if with all other gear you can fish literally from under your feet, then for a boat there is already such a thing as "minimum fishing distance". Usually it corresponds to the length of the fishing line, at which the float is already working on the stream, and at least one leash has entered the water surface. Conclusion: on miniature rivers fishing on a boat will be impossible. So why not make this tackle a sort of “measure” that determines the size of the river?
What is the difference between small rivers and not small ones - version of the "tract"
My companions and I came to the following: if a boat with “standard” equipment (5 leads 3 meters, 6 meters to the float) can be deployed in the channel at a distance at which the lead 4 closest to the fisherman is caught, and even from the float there will be enough space left to the opposite shore to drive it up and down the river - safely put aground - such a river should be considered average 5. If the width and other parameters of the watercourse do not allow this, then this is definitely a small river. It will require more compact equipment.
For my part, I want to add the following. In my opinion, medium and small rivers also differ in the presence of the very pits with a decent depth, which ford certainly cannot be overcome.
Fishing spots on the middle river
Photo 17. Rolling - one of the most promising fishing spots on the river.
As for specific places, on the middle rivers the most interesting in terms of fishing:
- Rifts. Grayling is here, the most powerful predators come here to feed - in the morning and evening hours. On rifts surface methods and gears work well.
- Pits after rifts. Large fish are usually crowded here - both quite “peaceful” and predators resting after forays to the roll. You can catch both from the surface and the wiring, as well as on bottom gear.
- Places near thickets of semi-aquatic and underwater grass. Especially good are those where there is a small jet that brings forage. Many fish are caught here, for example, roach (including large), perch and pike.
- Lulls and swirls after various objects in the channel - like stones, snags, bridge piers, islets. Here, a variety of fish likes to stand and guard the passing food.
- Deep places near the shore, especially with tree branches hanging over the water. Here, insects often fall into the water, which are taken for lunch by bleak, roach, chub and ide. Predators periodically carry out raids here.
- The mouth of the tributaries, places near the shore with a reverse course. The best places for fishing on float tackle. You can catch everything here, though there will be no end to the trifle.
Medium River Fishing Tactics
On medium rivers, the whole fishing process is noticeably changing. If on a small river in the first place was the search for fish - therefore, it was necessary to overcome considerable distances along the banks, then on the middle river fishing is much more similar to that of a pond. Here you can successfully catch, sitting in one place, and in some places the boat becomes very popular.
From a boat it is convenient to catch not only those places that are far from the coast (to which you can’t get tackle, and to waddle around in wagons). The craft can be used to catch the coastal waters, especially where the banks are steep and heavily overgrown with bushes - and such tactics will be an order of magnitude more successful than if the fisherman still managed to get out in an inaccessible place to the water. Moreover - rafting down the river, you can check many of these places and catch a lot of fish.
But sometimes on the rivers there are quite extensive (up to 1 km or more) sections of passable coasts, where you can safely move on land and fish on the go, for example - spinning. And if in such places there are no bushes and trees growing close to the water's edge, that is, those that the fisherman could not get around from the river, then here is a paradise for a boat. Moreover, the area that can be caught - will be breathtaking.
You can catch fishing gear in two ways. Either - from the water, going to the roll or sandbank, while fishing is carried out by means of a free alloy of the bait with the stream. Or, a place is sought off the coast where the depth begins immediately, and even better, with a reverse course. Here you can fish just like on a pond, including using bait.
As for bottom fishing, the feeder shows itself best on the river, since with it you can get the most promising places, and at the same time use bait. However, the standard, "feeding-less" donochka - being abandoned in a good place - will show itself very well, as well as its simplest variety - a zakidok.
By the way - on medium rivers, with float and bottom fishing methods, bait is very popular, which is usually served a little higher from the point of fishing. Thanks to the current, the smell of bait will spread over a large area and will make you go up to the place of fishing, which is far below.
Among the components of the river bait must be present some kind of thickener, due to which its lumps will be denser - so that the flow erodes them for as long as possible. Usually, the role of such a thickener is played by clay, which can be picked up right there - on the shore.
Fish of medium rivers
In addition to the fish listed above - in the chapter on small streams, the following species begin to be found in medium rivers:
- Podust. He prefers a flow, a hard bottom, likes deep places with fast water. Recently it has become rare, which has been greatly facilitated by poaching. Due to the original structure of the mouth (like a shark) it has a no less unique bite, which makes fishing on ordinary tackle a terribly dreary task. Nevertheless, I personally know the fishermen who have found a key to the bait. As it turned out - it can be successfully caught on float and bottom fishing rods, but some skill and special equipment are needed. Also, this fish is very well caught fly fishing during periods of mass flight of insects.
- Rudd. Typically a lake fish, but also inhabits some rivers. Prefers streams with a weak current and well-developed aquatic vegetation. They are fished with float and bottom gear; during the period of mass insect departure, rudd is well caught by fly fishing. Large individuals can peck on small spinners.
- Zander. A lover of deep places. On the middle rivers it is usually found in the lower reaches - where there are good pits. It tends to migrate periodically - sometimes it can go higher - up to small tributaries. Purely spinning, "jig" fish.
- European catfish. Just like zander, it prefers places with great depths. Caught on bottom gear and spinning.
- Sterlet. The only representative of sturgeons that constantly lives in rivers. Also loves depth. Recently quite rare. In some places it has disappeared, in some it is recovering. It is listed in the Red Book, but in some places it is caught under licenses, mainly for bottom gear.
It differs from the average even larger. Geographers also identify large rivers by their catchment area — it should be at least 50,000 km² for lowland rivers, and at least 30,000 km² for mountainous rivers. It is probably easier for the fisherman to pay attention to the following nuance: if the river is navigable for most of its length, then it is definitely big.
As a rule, such rivers have depths measured not by a single ten meters (it is hardly possible to wade them). For the most part they flow along the plain, from which among their inhabitants it is no longer possible to meet fish - lovers of cold and fast water (grayling, trout, etc.). But other fish are found in abundance, and some representatives of the ichthyofauna reach impressive sizes.
Fishing on a large river is not very different from fishing on a medium river - the same methods and tactics work here. It should only be taken into account that at great depths the underwater relief is most pronounced, which means that all sorts of edges, dumps, etc., are very attractive for both fish and fisherman.
It is not so much a geographical as a colloquial term. It means the most ambitious large rivers in length and catchment area, carrying their waters to the sea or ocean.
It was possible not to allocate a separate chapter for these watercourses, if not for one important nuance. Almost all of the large rivers at the end of their journey form a delta, to one degree or another, representing a labyrinth of channels, often with many islands and lakes. Examples are the Volga and Lena deltas.
Photo 22. Fragment of a delta of a large river - satellite image.
In such places there are excellent food supply, and all kinds of shelters, which creates a true paradise for fish. In the deltas, as a rule, there is the most ambitious fishing - both in terms of the number of trophies caught and their size.
- One of the subspecies of this fish - Russian Raptor - is quite rare, in many regions it is listed in the Red Book. ↩
- The ship is an original Russian tackle invented back in the “bearded” centuries somewhere in the vast expanses of Siberia. Not to be confused with a bourgeois radio-controlled (and generally absolutely useless and expensive) toy for unloading bait. ↩
- Nevertheless, some especially zealous fans of the boat manage to catch them in stagnant bodies of water, "imitating" the flow by moving along the coast and winding the rail. ↩
- That is - the bait of this leash will be above the working depth and at a sufficient distance from the shore - in which the fish will not be alarmed by the fisherman sitting on the shore. ↩
- Practice has shown that for this the distance between the banks should usually be at least 30 meters, which in principle corresponds to rivers whose catchment area is already sufficient to call them average (i.e., exceeds 2000 km²). ↩