Useful Tips

Rules for transporting liquid in an airplane


Before you find out how much is allowed to carry liquids on board an aircraft, you should know what is meant by it. In aviation terminology, “liquid” is not only water, alcohol and other drinks. This concept covers goods and substances that have a liquid or viscous consistency.

In civil aviation, the term "liquid" includes:

  • Drinking water.
  • Alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks.
  • Sour-milk products with a liquid consistency.
  • Creams for body and face.
  • Bath cosmetics.

How to pack shampoo and baggage soap in hand luggage

When transporting soft cheese in its original packaging (tin can), border guards will also classify it as liquid products. If the factory packaging contains soft cheese and hard cheese, then in this case, airport employees must take into account their ratio. If the number of soft cheeses is greater, then the product belongs to the subtype of liquid substances.

Carry-on baggage

Are there any suitcases for hand luggage? You can read this link.

It is permitted to carry liquids in hand luggage if they are properly packed. Namely, in containers of not more than one hundred milliliters. The total volume of liquid should not exceed one liter.

Therefore, if a person has expensive perfume or toilet water, it is better to transport it in the main luggage.

What applies to liquids

During the inspection, when entering the “clean zone”, things of passengers are always inspected. If they find an "excess" liquid, they will ask her to leave or return to the storage room. So what about liquids?

In addition to drinking bottled water, they include:

  • Any alcoholic or non-alcoholic drinks: wine, beer, water, soft drinks, juices, etc.
  • Fermented milk products with a liquid consistency: yoghurts, soft and pickled cheeses, etc.
  • Baby food: mashed potatoes, cereals, juices, milk.
  • Honey and canned food: jam, pickles and tomatoes, canned olives, etc.
  • Caviar of any fish, including delicacies.
  • Cosmetics: face and body creams, shampoos, shower gels, lotions, face tonics, toothpaste.
  • Eau de toilette and eau de parfum, perfumes.
  • Contact lens solution.
  • Medicines in syrup or in suspension.
  • Mascara and eyebrow gel.
  • Aerosol deodorants, hair sprays.
  • Edible and cosmetic oils.

Baby luggage in hand luggage

Of particular note is the question of the transport of baby food, because if the child is small, then he needs to eat every two to four hours. Carriage restrictions do not apply to children under two years of age. They are allowed to carry jars of baby food and dairy products.

You can read how to fly with a 2-month-old baby in this article.

It is very important that the baby’s liquid nutrition is packed in factory packaging.

How much liquid is allowed to carry on a plane in hand luggage

Allowed to carry on the plane in hand luggage, usually up to 1 liter of liquids per person. In this case, the container should not exceed 100 ml. For example, security personnel will ask you to throw away toothpaste in a 200 ml tube, even if it is half full.

The number of objects with liquids with a volume of not more than 100 ml each can be several, but their total volume should not exceed 1 liter.

Each airline sets its own rules, so you should carefully study them before heading to the airport.

Baggage Transportation

Is it possible to carry liquid in the baggage of an airplane? According to the regulations, an unlimited amount of liquid substances can be transported in this way. First of all, the absence of a ban is due to the fact that at the stage of customs inspection, airport employees carefully inspect baggage, "shining" it with x-rays.

What and how can I carry liquid in an airplane

The following liquids are allowed in baggage:

  • Alcohol, drinking water.
  • Cool drinks.
  • Creams.
  • Gels.
  • Perfume.
  • Deodorants
  • Air fresheners.
  • Soft cheeses.
  • Toothpastes.
  • Lotions, etc.

If a person intends to carry honey or jam on an airplane, then it must be checked into baggage. But you should carefully pack the jar or pour the sweet product into a tightly closed container for safety.

Alcohol may be transported, but in strictly specified quantities. All airlines have the same requirements for transported alcohol on board the aircraft (except those purchased in duty-free). Alcohol can only be carried in baggage.

The permissible norm depends on the strength of the alcohol. If it is up to 24%, then the transported amount is not limited. If the strength of alcoholic beverages is from 24 to 70%, then it is allowed to take no more than five liters per passenger. Strong alcohol over 70% is strictly prohibited.

Carriage of liquids from duty free

Liquids purchased at Duty Free stores, such as alcohol, perfumes, are not subject to the general restrictions that apply to the transportation of liquids in the cabin.

But keep in mind that you can carry them on the plane and take them out of there only in the form in which you bought them. And only in sealed packaging and in a special store package.

Attention!Some EU countries vetoed the importation of goods purchased in a free trade area outside the EU. Check the information in advance.

Caviar transport

In the luggage compartment, the amount of caviar transported is not limited. You can carry it within the Russian Federation both in the factory packaging and in the container. The maximum weight of red caviar transported by plane is not more than five kg, and black - not more than 250 grams.

If caviar is transported to the EU countries, then it should be transported only in factory packaging made of glass, metal or plastic.

Norms of import (export) of caviar in the USA and countries of the European Union:

Features of the transport of liquid baby food in an airplane

If milk formulas are used, it is better to prepare them already in the “clean zone”. Otherwise, security officials may detain you to determine the composition of the liquid substance.

Important!Get ready for the security service asking you to open one of the jars and try the contents.

Tip.PCarry food, diapers and other necessary items in a special baby bag. Such baggage is treated loyally at all airports.

Why you can’t take liquids on the plane

Why can’t you take water on a plane? Many travelers are puzzled by this question, because during the flight a person can feel thirst. But water and other soft drinks are offered to passengers by flight attendants 15 minutes after the plane takes off.

Some airlines let children carry water in their hand luggage, but under two conditions: the bottle should be no more than 100 milliliters in volume, and it should be sealed. It is forbidden to transport water or stewed fruit in baby bottles.

With the help of juice, the stewardess extinguished a fire in an airplane

Fluid limits are one of the safety rules. It is allowed to carry liquids in an amount of not more than 100 ml in one container. The fact is that flammable liquid substances or chemicals can be carried under the guise of any liquid, from which you can then create an explosive mixture.

If, for any reason, 100 ml of the permitted liquid substance ignites, then the flight attendants with the help of fire extinguishers will be able to quickly and without special consequences eliminate the fire. If more substances are ignited, eliminating the fire will be extremely difficult and threatens with an emergency situation on the airliner.

As for alcohol, its large volumes are prohibited for several reasons. Firstly, alcoholic drinks in their composition contain ethanol - a component that quickly ignites and in large volumes can lead to a fire on an airliner.

Secondly, the reason for the limitations is related to the human factor. When intoxicated, a person has poor control over himself. There were cases when drunken passengers staged verbal skirmishes using physical force.

Therefore, during the flight it is forbidden to drink strong alcohol carried in hand luggage. It is allowed to drink alcohol available from flight attendants, for the drinking of which there are standards established by the aviation company. Therefore, in excess of the permitted amount, the passenger will not be able to drink.

Thirdly, the weight of hand luggage (10 kg) is limited. Namely, luggage transported in duty-free shops is transported in hand luggage, since at the time of purchase, the suitcases and bags were already checked in.

Features of transporting liquid medicine on an airplane

Airline rules do not prohibit the transport of medicines in hand luggage.

Most often prohibited for transportation:

  • antibiotics
  • strong painkillers
  • high alcohol liquid preparations
  • hypnotic,
  • any preparations containing phenobarbital, chlorphenamine, maleate, codeine, pseudoephedrine, chlorphenamine maleate, diazepam.

So, for example, everyone known valocordin and corvalol will have to leave home or ask a doctor to prescribe an analog. This is not due to airline rules, but to a ban on the import of certain drugs into other countries.

Restrictions on the volume of transported drugs, as a rule, have not been established. However, the security service may have questions when it detects a large number of tablets and syrups.

To avoid problems, ask your doctor for help about the need for these drugs. We also advise you to take a prescription from your doctor for the drug. If the flight is made abroad, then it is necessary that the recipe be duplicated in English.

All transported drops, gels, syrups and suspensions should be in the original packaging. A branded bottle should not exceed a volume of 100 ml. Shelf life of drugs should not come to an end, otherwise they can be removed as dangerous and forbidden for transportation.

Carriage of liquids in baggage

Important!It is strictly forbidden to carry flammable liquids (paints, gasoline, solvents) in baggage.

If you want to transport various aerosols intended for domestic purposes in the luggage compartment, then you need the cylinder valves to be tightly closed by a lid. The capacity of such cylinders should be no more than 500 ml. One passenger can carry no more than 2 liters of aerosol.

In addition, there are certain rules for the transportation of alcoholic beverages. They must be in luggage in a bottle with a label, that is, in the same form in which they were bought at the store.

Features of transporting alcohol on an airplane

In luggage and in hand luggage, alcohol allows you to carry almost all airlines.

The requirements for carrying alcohol in carry-on baggage are the same as for all liquids authorized for transportation: 100 ml each, for a total of 1 liter.

You can hand over any number of bottles of alcohol with a strength of up to 24%. Alcohol with a strength above 70% is classified as dangerous goods and is prohibited for transportation. Strong alcohol (up to 70%) is usually transported in a volume of not more than 5 liters. However, information should be specified for each airline, there may be restrictions, depending on the country of departure / arrival. National governments can independently set restrictions on the import and export of certain goods. For example, up to two liters of alcohol per adult can be exported duty free from Georgia to the Russian Federation.

You can familiarize yourself with the rules for transporting alcohol on an airplane on our website.

Once again, the rules do not apply to alcohol bought in duty free.

What is considered a liquid?

For the aviation industry, the concept of fluid has a wide meaning. For many travelers it becomes a revelation of what a large list the term includes, in addition to well-known drinks. Examples:

  • Dairy products: kefir, yogurt, milk, sour cream, etc.,
  • Alcoholic drinks,
  • Perfumes, colognes, deodorants with aerosols,
  • Toothpaste, creams, mascara,
  • Soft cheeses. For example, curd cheese, feta,
Note! Even if a tin can consists of 2/3 solids, it will be classified as a liquid substance.

In hand luggage

Carry-on bag includes a bag with personal belongings of a passenger. It has a certain size and weight, usually not more than 10 kg and is marked with a special tag.

Most airlines restrict the transport of liquids to one liter per person. For a single tube, the volume is not more than 100ml.

If a passenger takes a tube of 200-300 ml, but it will be used by a third, you will need to pack the tube in luggage or not take it with you on a trip. Carriage rules do not allow such an item to be allowed to board.

Many travelers wonder what standards they are guided by - Russian or international? In fact, going to any country you should focus only on the carrier company and check their requirements for carrying liquids to the vessel.

Separate rules apply for baby food: mom can take any number of jars, as long as she needs to fly. Their volume, the total weight of the luggage is not limited. In this case, the child must be up to two years old in order for the family to fall under the rule.

All food that the mother takes on board must be consumed. Dry dilutable mixtures are not classified as liquid substances. They can be bred on board by asking the stewardess for boiling water.

Note! Liquid mixtures and mashed potatoes for a child are personal items, not hand luggage.

In checked baggage

It is allowed to check in an unlimited number of bottles with liquid. All creams, shampoos and other products that are suitable for consistency are put into the suitcase in the amount necessary for the passenger.

Such a norm is provided due to the fact that during inspection at the airport, baggage passes on a tape under x-ray radiation. Employees can see all the substances transported and make sure that the passenger is not carrying anything dangerous or forbidden.

There is a restriction for the import of alcoholic products in Russia - the liquid in the baggage of the aircraft is not more than three liters per person.

From duty free

This is a free trade zone without tax duties. When buying goods in Duty Free, the limit of 100 ml for the tube does not apply.

It is allowed to purchase the necessary things without restrictions, whether it is perfume or alcohol. The main thing is not to exceed the total amount of hand luggage when calculating the volume of purchases.

Items purchased in this area must be sealed separately. In addition, they should not be unpacked until the end of the flight. When transplanting and passing control, they will fall under the standard rules for transporting liquids if they are opened.

Note! It is forbidden to import goods purchased in the free economic trade zone outside the European Union into some European countries.

A separate article is the transportation of caviar. It is also considered a liquid, and such restrictions of one hundred milliliters apply to it. The peculiarity is that within the country it is possible to transport the product in a larger plastic container. But it is better to hand over caviar to the luggage compartment.

For export abroad, customs rules apply. Prohibited:

  • Export more than 250 grams of black caviar from the country,
  • Take out more than 5 kg of red,
  • In European countries, you can import no more than 125 grams of the product.

When buying alcohol in the free trade zone, they can be checked into luggage. The purchased volume of liquid in the aircraft will be accepted with the following restrictions:

Drink strengthQuantity per person
Up to 24%Not limited
24-70%Up to five liters
Over 70%Forbidden
Important! The purchased product must be with the factory label.

List of allowed liquids

Such liquids include substances that are not dangerous during flight. Hazardous substances include gasoline, lighter fluid, and others. Allowed fluids include:

  • Water,
  • Juices
  • Syrups
  • Jam, honey, confiture,
  • Baby food,
  • Creams, gels,
  • Perfume
  • Alcoholic beverages (with volume standards),
  • Medications,
  • Toothpaste,
  • Mascara, eyeliner, concealer,
  • Canned food and preserves, compotes,
  • Shower gels, shampoos,
  • Nail polishes,
  • Pressurized cylinders with deodorant or shaving foam, hair spray,
  • Other substances with a similar consistency.

Fluid rates in different countries

Rates of transportation of liquid substances in hand luggage in different states

Departure countryDestination countryDelivery rate in capacity (ml)Total freight rate (l)
The Russian Federation,

European Union countries

Any state100one


Any state100one
Any stateUnited States of America90one
United States of AmericaAny state90one
CanadaAny state90one
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Liquid medicine

For medicines, the requirements of carrying into a salon of not more than 100 ml per tube are maintained.

A feature of using drugs on board is the strict requirements for the composition of the substance. If there is a narcotic ingredient, it is necessary to confirm with the help of a doctor with the seal of a clinic or a prescription that the passenger is entitled to take the drug.

It may also be allowed to bring several packages of medicines into the salon if there is documented evidence of the need for admission. In this case, the restriction of 100 ml per vial is removed.

Важно: запрещено переливать лекарства в другие флаконы перед полетом!

They should be in the original packaging, as this makes it easier for airport staff to check. They should easily identify the composition, name. If you nevertheless transferred it to a separate container, approach the security service well in advance of the flight and notify them of this.

  • When flying to another country, a certified translation of a certificate from a doctor or hospital into English is required.
  • Find out in advance about the legality of the drugs being transported in another country. For example, corvalol, valocordin are prohibited in several European countries.
  • Do not allow the transport of medicinal aerosols in cans. An exception is only upon presentation of a certificate from the hospital or from the attending physician with a translation into English.

In the absence of a prescription for a medicine that exceeds the volume or is prohibited for transportation without documents, customs officers are entitled to take punitive measures against the passenger. In the presence of narcotic substances in the medicine, authorized persons will initiate a criminal case.

It is allowed to bring in more diet food. The same requirements are established for him as for medicines: to present a certificate from a doctor about the need to use the product for the purpose of treatment.

How to pack liquids

When collecting things for hand luggage, pack the liquids in a separate transparent bag. Most often they are made of plastic. It is better to get a package with a tightly fastened lock.

Products can be purchased at office supply stores or received free of charge at the airport at the counter during inspection by the security service.

The dimensions of the bags are approximately 20 × 20 cm, but it is better to check the specific parameters with your carrier.

For containers, it is better to purchase separate bottles marked with a volume to avoid disputes. If you are using a native bottle, check that all numbers are clearly visible.

General tips

Here are some common situations and tips that can help a traveler plan a flight.

For lovers of aquarium fish, transporting them is not difficult: they can be transported in the cabin, after pouring 50 ml each into an individual container or plastic bag. Then place them in a container.

You can not worry about the safety of the fish, as they can withstand the flight up to a day.

About where to get containers less than 100 ml?

  • Keep containers from shampoos, hair balms that are given out in hotels,
  • Many cosmetic companies give mini-sets with the right tubes with the purchase, or they can be found on the open market,
  • Buy a universal “flying” set for trips or a set of containers for liquids and fill them with your own funds. Both options fit into the regulations for the transport of liquids.

  1. Learn in advance about the ability to ship rare medicines to other countries. The customs rules of the vast majority of countries prohibit the transport of drugs with narcotic or psychotropic effects.
  2. If you are carrying food for your child, but it is perishable, grab a thermal container to preserve the product.
  3. It is worth replacing the mercury thermometer with an electronic one, if it may be required on the way.

Discounts and useful links for travelers

Duty Free Shopping

Duty-free are duty-free shops that have a very wide range of products. When buying in duty-free, the rule for carrying in hand luggage no more than 100 ml does not apply, provided that all products are in their original packaging and will not be opened until the end of the flight.

Alcohol Packaging at Duty Free Store

Items must be sealed separately. And you need to remember that duty-free goods are included in hand luggage, the weight of which is allowed no more than 10 kilograms.

Prohibited Liquid Substances

  • Nitric acid.
  • Antifreeze.
  • Acetone.
  • Petrol.
  • Brucin.
  • Methanol.
  • Methyl ether.
  • Arsenic anhydrite.
  • Nicotine.
  • Colloidal nitrocellulose.
  • Flammable oil products.
  • Mercury.
  • Sulphuric acid.
  • Carbon disulphide.
  • Hydrochloric acid.
  • Strychnine.
  • Brake fluid.
  • Hydrofluoric acid.
  • Cyclone.
  • Ethylene glycol.
  • Ethyl cellulose and others.

What is forbidden to carry on the plane in baggage


How much liquid can be transported in an airplane, not all travelers will know before a trip. However, the rules, which cannot be violated, the transport of liquid in an airplane is strictly regulated. The traveler will have to give up acquired in duty-free or personal belongings, if the norm for carrying liquids is exceeded.

The quantity of liquid substances allowed for transportation is up to 100 ml in one container and in total up to one liter.