- 1 Tie a simple spiral. The structure of the spiral is a classic way of binding fabric for dyeing. By tying the fabric in this way, you get a large spiral with small spots in the center of your fabric.
- Spread your material on a flat surface.
- Squeeze the center of the fabric with your thumb and two more fingers.
- Twist the fabric while holding it with your fingers. The fabric will begin to form into a spiral shape. Smooth the fabric after each turn so that the folds do not rise.
- Wrap the free ends in a circle with your other hand.
- Tie the fabric with several large elastic bands so that their intersections are in the center of the ligament. Start with four elastic bands and increase their number, if necessary, to keep fit.
- 2 Tie the knot. You can tie as many knots as you can from a long strip of fabric. By staining the knitted fabric, you get a pattern of thin white faces that randomly scatter in different directions.
- Twist the fabric into a rope shape. Hold one end with one hand and with the other hand continue to twist the fabric until the resulting rope begins to form.
- Tie the rope into a knot. Tie a knot, as it happens, without tearing the fabric.
- Tie the knots with elastic bands, bandaging them.
- 3 Try random binding. This method is easy to do, but hard to predict. After dyeing, you will get "bunches" of colors scattered randomly throughout the clothes.
- Group small pieces of fabric randomly throughout the piece, connecting them together in a ball shape. Leave most of the fabric with the “front” or wrong side on the surface.
- Fasten a ball of fabric by wrapping it in a circle with elastic bands or tying it with a rope or thread. Tie not tight and use as needed to keep fit.
- 4 Tie in the shape of outlets. The drawing of the outlet forms a series of small layering circles that can be connected into many patterns.
- Use a piece of chalk to draw some dots on the surface of the fabric. Place the dots in the shape of any pattern you want: a large circle, a flower, a star, a curved line, etc.
- Connect the dots in series with your thumb and forefinger. Take each point and direct them to the other hand until all the points meet in one place in your hand.
- Tie a rubber band or thread to the area below the dots gathered together. Make sure you knit all the fabric collected in this bundle.
- Tie the ligament tightly, from start to edge.
- 5 Create the stripes. The principle of the striped method is to create a series of white stripes along the entire surface of the fabric.
- Tightly tie a long tube-shaped fabric.
- Use elastic bands or threads to tie a tube of fabric in several places.
Method 2 Soaking Tissue in Fixing Solution
- 1 Prepare a bath of soda ash, as with most chemical dyes. Chemical dyes, even commercial ones purchased at a hardware store, should usually be soaked in a solution of soda ash and warm water.
- Mix 8 ounces (250 ml) of fixing soda ash with 1 gallon (4 L) of warm water. Stir until mixed evenly.
- Wear a mask and plastic or rubber gloves to prepare this solution, as soda can corrode your lungs or skin.
- 2 Create a salty fixative for natural dyes derived from berries. If you plan to use natural dyes made from certain types of berries, the best fixative that you can use is made from salt and cold water.
- Combine 1/2 cup of salt (125 ml) with 8 cups (2 L) of cold water. Stir until dissolved.
- 3 Prepare a vinegar fixative for other natural dyes derived from plants. If you plan to use dyes from plants other than berries, then a solution made from water and vinegar will work better than salted.
- Mix 1 cup (250 ml) of white distilled vinegar with 4 cups (1 l) of cold water. Stir until smooth.
- 4 Soak the knitted fabric in an appropriate solution. Dip the bundle of knotted fabric in the fixing solution so that the fabric is completely wet.
- The latch allows the paint to stay longer.
- If you use a solution of soda ash, then soak the cloth for 5-15 minutes.
- When using salt or vinegar, heat the liquid over low heat and allow the garment to be in boiling liquid for 1 hour.
- Using vinegar or salt, rinse the material before squeezing it.
Not all fabrics can be dyed at home.
The dyeing of simple cotton clothes makes it possible to add new colors to your wardrobe at no particular cost. Painting children's clothes in dark colors can save things that have been soiled and doomed to throw away.
However, not all types of fabrics can be dyed at home. A number of fabrics with a high content of synthetic fibers cannot be dyed at home with aniline dyes. Even if the color of such fabrics changes, after the first wash, the dye is washed off and their hue becomes an undefined color.
For dyeing fabrics made of synthetic fibers, special dyes and a special technology are used (temperature conditions, etc.). At home, you can “confidently” dye only cotton, wool fabrics, since the fibers of such fabrics absorb the dye well and do not fade much after washing.
If you decide to get a set of fashionably painted t-shirts, buy a package of inexpensive white t-shirts and a set of universal dyes in various colors. White color is ideal for conveying the desired shade and color. Any other color of the fabric will make certain adjustments to the final result of dyeing. Be prepared for the fact that colored clothes cannot be dyed in the perfectly “pure” color indicated on the dye package.
Dyes for fabric
Fabric dyes come in the form of powder or liquid. Both of these types of dyes can be bought at hardware stores.
Detailed instructions are provided with each dye package. Be sure to read it carefully before you start dyeing the fabric. The instructions indicate in what proportions paint should be diluted to water, what is the maximum weight of clothes or fabrics, the number of skeins of wool can be painted with one bag, etc.
For example, consider two types of dyes produced in Russia. Aniline dye for fabrics "Lucar" is intended for home dyeing of woolen and nylon fabrics, except for lavsan and nitron. This dye can even be used to dye genuine leather and fur. The type of fabric and material that can be dyed is indicated on the paint packaging, as well as the color and instructions.
Dye for fabrics "Universal" pr-va "Tekhnohim" (St. Petersburg) is suitable for dyeing fabrics made of cotton, linen, viscose. To dye wool or silk fabrics you need to buy a dye, on the packaging of which will be indicated "Paint for wool or silk." There are many manufacturers of dyes, including foreign ones, producing paints for dyeing this or that clothing, fabric, yarn, etc.
For example, you can buy a dye designed specifically for changing the color of denim, jeans. By the way, if your jeans not only require refreshment of the color, but also repair, then read the article "How to sew a hole on the jeans." It discusses ways to restore torn and worn sections of jeans.
How to dye a fabric at home
When dyeing fabrics, be sure to wear plastic or rubber gloves, otherwise you will have to walk with multi-colored palms for more than one day. In addition, dye chemicals can cause irritation, and even skin disease.
Fill the basin with water. You can place it in the bath, but then you have to work a little, washing it, so it is better to cover the area where the basin will be located in advance.
Gradually, in small batches, pour the contents of the bag into the water, constantly stirring. Do not forget to carefully read the instructions printed on the packaging first, as each manufacturer may have different proportions of mixing paint with water and the technology of painting.
If you need to paint a lot of things, it is better to paint one at a time, avoiding overflowing the tank. Do not dye the fabrics in the washing machine, it will be almost impossible to remove the paint from the walls. It is better to use a basin or other capacious container, for example, a large pan that is no longer needed on the farm. After chemicals in such dishes, food cannot be prepared.
Make sure that the fabric has not stuck anywhere, has not caked in folds, otherwise after painting it will have lighter areas.
If you are going to paint something in one tone, put the thing in a basin and move it in circular motions so that the coloring liquid completely soaks the product, otherwise there may be unadorned areas. Keep the product or tissue in the basin, stirring occasionally, until they take on a slightly darker color than required. When completely dry, the fabric will lighten a little.
Some dye solutions need to be heated on a stove in a metal container (basin, pan). This should be indicated in the instructions. Make sure that the paint does not get into food items when mixing.
So you can dye woolen yarn, yarn for machine knitting.
The contents of the package (10 g), designed for 300-500 grams of clean dry wool or fabric, first dissolve in 0.5 liters of warm water (40 degrees). Then strain this coloring concentrate through cheesecloth into enameled non-food utensils and add enough water so that the material to be painted is completely covered with a dye solution.
The total volume of the coloring solution should not exceed three liters. Be sure to add 2-3 tablespoons of vinegar. Immerse pre-soaked products gently in a dye solution and heat for 40 minutes at a temperature of 80-90 degrees on low heat, not bringing to a boil. Turn the balls in the container periodically.
Dry colored skeins of wool or cloth in a shaded area, avoiding direct sunlight.
How to dye a fabric with stains
In order to obtain differently intersecting light stripes after painting on a darker background, twist the item to be painted into a tourniquet in such a way as if squeezing it after washing. Then put rubber rings on the tourniquet. Dip the folded tourniquet into the paint and hold it there until you achieve the desired color. The more rings there are, the more color spots and stripes you get as a result.
By mixing the two colors together, you get the third color. For example, red and blue dye form purple.
And one last piece of good advice: freshly dyed fabric usually sheds a lot during washing. The first few times after you dyed the fabric, wash the item only by hand, separately from other fabrics. Wash in cool water.
Dyeing the fabric at home using aniline and other dyes cannot be as durable and bright as the factory dyeing of the fabric. This is just a way to slightly refresh or darken the soiled clothes, change the color and shade of the fabric, woolen threads.
We sew knitwear without gaps and looping
Many who tried to sew knitwear on a regular sewing machine noticed that often the machine refuses to make a beautiful and even line. Gaps are formed in the knit stitch, the lower thread winds, and sometimes breaks. Why is this happening and how can I fix it?
Inexpensive sewing machine: "Pros and cons"
In this article we will figure out if such a combination is possible - “inexpensive and good machine” and what is the difference between an inexpensive sewing machine worth 3-4 thousand rubles from a machine costing 30 thousand.
Sewing dresses with your own hands
How to sew a dress with your own hands. Technology and sequence of tailoring dresses for beginners.
Pattern and tailoring of a skirt "tatyanka"
In this article, you will learn the calculations for constructing a pattern of a "Tatyana" skirt, how to sew such a skirt with your own hands.
How to sew a sun skirt
The skirt-sun pattern can be built directly on the fabric, since complex calculations are not required. True, you need a flat surface with a width of 150 cm and a length of 5 meters.
Straight skirt pattern
Experienced tailors often use the same straight skirt pattern to build patterns for different skirts. Having experience in designing this is quite acceptable, since the basis of the pattern of a tulip skirt, yoke skirt or pleated skirt is identical to the basis of a straight short skirt.
How to hem a skirt
Read this article if you do not know how to hem a skirt, including from chiffon. Processing the bottom of the skirt with a hidden seam.
DIY chair covers
Chair covers, such as in this photo, are a good solution to “refresh” the look of the furniture, and sometimes even an easy way to change the design of the kitchen. In addition, such covers are of practical importance, since they protect the expensive upholstery of the chair from the claws of pets.
How to sew a hidden zipper
How to install a hidden zipper on a dress or skirt. Secret zipper processing technology for beginners.
Preparation for dyeing fabric
Before choosing how to dye the fabric, you should study all the nuances associated with this process:
- Products in bright colors can be painted in almost any color. But bright clothes are painted only in dark colors, or they will have to be preliminarily discolored.
- The composition of the material should be studied in advance, since the result of staining will directly depend on this. The best result is obtained when painting natural materials, but synthetics are often not painted at all.
- Dyeing the fabric is only possible if the item is clean, that is, before applying the dye, it must be washed.
- Before you dye your clothes, you need to weigh them. This will correctly determine the amount of dye.
- Tissue dyeing is performed in distilled water. Normal tap water will have to be further softened with soda (1 teaspoon of soda per 10 liters of water).
After all the preparatory measures for the clothes have been completed, you can proceed directly to the preparation of the dye. To paint products at home, it is recommended to use such types of fabric dyes as factory water-soluble and natural (natural) ones. Factory dyes are available in various forms, for example, in the form of powder, paste or granules.
Basic rules for dyeing fabric with natural means
First, we will understand the nuances that will need to be considered before starting dyeing clothes.
- Clothing, threads or cloth should be perfectly clean.
- Before staining, things need to be boiled in plain, clean water, softened with soda ash. For silk fabrics in the last but one rinse, ammonia 0.5 g per 1 liter of water is used.
- Use only enameled (no chips) or glass (refractory) dishes. The stirring stick should be wooden or durable plastic.
- Sometimes the fabric needs to be held in an alum solution in order to better fix the paint on the fiber. This process is called mordant. In addition to various alum, copper sulfate or zinc is used for mordants, and natural home remedies are such as sauerkraut juice, vinegar. You can use formic acid, ash from birch firewood. Prepare mordant at the rate of 1-10g per liter of water. For every 100 g of fabric or yarn, at least 3 liters of mordant solution will be needed. The fabric is boiled in the mordant for 5 to 30 minutes, after which it is taken out without pressing, put into a dye. You can not boil, but simply soak the cloth in the mordant. Pickling can be used not only before dyeing the fabric, but also after. The final hue of the color will depend on your experiments.
- The speed of dyeing the fabric depends on the temperature of the water, various additives in the dyeing solution, and, of course, on the fabric itself.
- Dyeing wool gives better results than cotton or linen. Water should boil when dyed. And at the end of the dyeing, vinegar is added to the solution.
- Silk threads or fabric is also boiled in a dyeing solution for up to an hour, like wool.
- The coloration of cotton, viscose and linen in hot water, on the contrary, slows down, i.e. time for the whole process will take more. Therefore, make sure that the water temperature does not exceed 85 degrees. Then time will be required for the staining process for 45-60 minutes. At the end of staining such things, you need to add table salt (2-3 tablespoons).
- The dyeing solution in relation to the weight of the fabric (yarn) should be more than 20 times, i.e. things must be in free “swimming” in order to be colored well.
- Vinegar and salt harden the paint, and the fabric will shed less. At the last rinse of things from any fabric, a little vinegar is always added.
- Painted items must immediately be correctly suspended (or laid out) to dry. Otherwise, spots, smudges may form on the fabric.
- The most important! Before dyeing the entire fabric, experiment on a small piece of fabric, going through all the technological processes.
- The home dye room should be well ventilated.
- Keep in mind the presence of allergies to plants, which decide to use as a dye. Some plants may be poisonous.Use gloves to avoid burns, or bright spots of paint!
As you can see, dyeing fabric at home is not too easy. Here you need to be extremely careful in the selection of dyes, fixatives and spend a lot of time to get the desired result.
How can I dye the fabric?
If you do not take into account the composition of the matter, you can paint the product as follows:
- Pour dry powder dye into a glass of water, dissolve it and strain through cheesecloth.
- Add dye to a metal bowl with prepared clothes and pour so much hot water so that it covers the thing completely.
- Place the container with the product and dye on the stove and bring the liquid to a boil. Clothes must be constantly turned over so that the matter dyes evenly. After 20 minutes from the start of boiling, salt is added to the water (2 to 5 tablespoons). This is necessary so that the color becomes more saturated.
This is a home interpretation of how fabrics are dyed in production. It is not necessary to evaluate the resulting color of the product as soon as it has been painted, but after drying. The result largely depends on how well the raw materials were prepared.
Important! The container in which staining with factory dye was carried out can no longer be used for cooking.
Staining depends on the type of fabric. So, as a rule, acid dyes are used for wool, and in addition to salt, vinegar is also added to the water during the painting process. It is also used when rinsing dyed silk, which allows better fixing the color on the fabric. Before dyeing synthetic fabric, you need to weigh in advance all the pros and cons. Dyeing such material is very difficult. Sometimes the paint does not lie down at all, but simply flows down from the clothes as from cellophane. If you still need to paint, then it is better to pre-select the appropriate dispersed paint.
It is considered safer and more natural to dye the fabric with natural dyes.
To obtain it, vegetable, fruit and berry juices are used. To ensure that the result is stable, when preparing the dye, natural raw materials are mixed either with salt or with vinegar. In general, the staining result depends on how intense the color of the vegetable or fruit infusion was, which indicates a sufficient amount of coloring pigment in it.
How to dye a fabric made of wool?
The most popular home dyes are tea, coffee, onion husks.
Saturated yellow hue can be obtained by dyeing yarn with fresh birch leaves.
- First, the woolen threads are boiled in flow. half an hour in a special solution: v2x l. 5g of chromium alum is dissolved in water (proportions are calculated for 0.1 kg of yarn). This treatment is called pickling, and is most often required for cotton and linen products.
- At the same time, a dye solution is prepared: 0.5 kg of leaves are boiled in 3-4 liters. water for about an hour. Then this solution is carefully filtered.
- The prepared yarn is lowered into a dyeing solution and “boiled” for another hour.
- Rinse do several times. Be sure to add vinegar to the last water (cold).
The same principle is used to dye wool with onion husks. Color shades are obtained from bright yellow to orange. The hue depends on the initial color shade of the yarn, the concentration of the tincture of the husk, and the variety of onion (color) too. If you apply the pickle with copper sulfate, you can get a nice greenish-olive hue.
To dye the wool beigeuse fir cones. This natural dye dyes wool with enviable strength.
The process of staining with fir cones.
- Cones in the amount of 1.5 kg are crushed and boiled in 3 l. Of water over low heat for at least 3.5 hours.
- Then the broth is filtered and dissolved in it 5 g of chrome alum, This amount is calculated per 100 g of yarn.
- Moisten the wool in clean water and lower it into the prepared solution, boiling the wool for about 45-60 minutes,
To get out, to wash out, as it was written above.
- If you want to dye the wool a darker beige, you need to add 2-3 g of copper sulfate to the coloring solution, having previously dissolved it in half a glass of cool water. Then you have to boil the threads for another half hour.
Any plants with dyes can give one thread or another a shade of wool. The recipe for a coloring solution is about the same.
Dyeing fabric at home - A process that requires a creative attitude. If you apply different processing conditions (different etchants) to the fabric, change the dye concentration, then you can get different color shades using the same plant.
To dye yarn in shades of brown colors will help:
oak bark and foliage,
- walnuts (peel and shell of fruits),
-internal part of the bark of the apple tree.
Red color is obtained if used:
-bark of young shoots of hawthorn,
- berries of blackberry and black elderberry (need pickle),
- flowers and leaves of the bush “wolf bast” (poisonous plant, be careful!).
You can dye the fabric blue or blue with:
-seeds of quinoa,
-flowers cornflower. Cornflower gives a very weak shade, and the coloring is not very durable.
You can get green shades when dyeing fabric using:
- leaves of common nettle,
-inner part of the bird cherry bark (if you use the bark completely, you will get a brown-red color).
-floral bread wheat brush.
To dye the fabric black will help:
- young leaves of sea buckthorn. And sea buckthorn berries can be painted in gray shades. Need etching with copper sulfate.
This is by no means an exhaustive list of dyeing plants. But back to the simplest - coffee and tea. In a tea or coffee infusion, you can not only paint, but sometimes just rinse things to return (or) to give a fresh shade of color.
Dye the fabric at home: the pros and cons
Before dyeing the fabric at home, you must first evaluate all the "pros" and "cons" of home dyeing.
Advantages (pluses) are as follows:
- for home dyeing, aniline dye is used for cotton fabric, which makes it possible to dye products easily and quickly even for a novice in this business,
- updating and restoration of things, the return of old products to life,
- getting intense color
- safety of the dyeing procedure (especially when using natural dyes for cotton fabrics based on vegetable and fruit juices). General advice on the care of materials you can read in the section "How to care for fabrics."
Negative moments of home staining:
- dyeing clothes is not as easy as it seems at first glance, and the result of dyeing does not always coincide with what you expect to see,
- the first 2-3 washings, clothes shed very much, and after that, vinegar will have to be added to the water so that the paint does not wash out,
- dye for cotton fabric is intended only for cotton and other natural materials and very poorly stains synthetics.
Before you paint a thing, you should definitely study the instructions for the dye. This will allow you to achieve a really good result from the planned procedure.
How to dye fabric with tea?
- For example, the girl did not guess with the color of nylon tights. They were too bright. It is enough to dip them in a strong tea leaves, and tights will find the beautiful color of a golden tan.
- Creamy shades can be given to the white things of their cotton by rinsing them in tea infusion.
- Brown, beige and cream colors of clothes can be freshened, made brighter if they are soaked for several minutes in tea leaves after washing. Choose the time and concentration of the dye yourself. The shade will depend on this.
** Using the same principle, coffee infusion is used as a home dye.
Some useful fabric dyeing tips
- To return the bright color to black things, use a solution of tobacco: for 1.5 liter of water, take 15 g of tobacco. Put the clean thing in the solution, keep until the result. You can slightly warm up (no more than 30 gr.).
- To preserve the color of painted black things, with each last rinse, you must add a spoonful of salt.
- Baking soda will help maintain color saturation of red and blue clothes.
- Leaves of linden, soaked for 3 days, give the silk fabric a soft pink hue.
- The infusion of chamomile flowers will make silk yellow. All processes are similar, described above.
If you are not afraid of all the preparatory moments and the process of dyeing fabrics at home, then feel free to get down to business.
It is not possible to describe all the recipes for staining tissue in one article. Yes, and as practice shows, the opinions of the authors often differ, even in the oldest books. It only says that dye fabric, like painting, everything is in the artist’s hands! Mixing paints, holding time, various processing of fabric before dyeing, give completely different results when using the same components.
Method 3 Mixing Inks
- 1 Follow the instructions on the bag to mix chemical dyes. All commercial dyes are diverse, so carefully follow the instructions on the package to get a bright color. Although the dyes are different, however, there are some common features in the most common commercial brands.
- Use rubber or plastic gloves to prevent staining of your hands.
- Pour hot water into a large plastic bucket. Water should usually be around 140 degrees Fahrenheit (60 degrees Celsius). For some paints, hotter water gives a more lasting effect. For other paints, too hot water can cause the color to fade. Check what kind of dye you have before you start.
- Add dye to hot water and stir until it is completely and completely dissolved. Usually, you need one bag of powder dye or 1/2 cup of liquid dye for every 2-3 gallons (8-12 L) of water. More dye, more saturated color.
- 2 Boil and simmer if you mix natural dyes from plants. You must perform the same procedure when mixing natural, herbal dyes.
- Cut the plant or coloring material into small pieces with a kitchen knife.
- Combine two parts of water and one part of coloring material in a large pot and boil at high temperature.
- Reduce heat and let it burn for another 1 hour.
- Strain the plant material leaving a liquid dye.
- 3 Boil dyes from berries while mixing natural dyes. The next steps you should take if using a natural dye from berries.
- Boil the berries for 15 minutes, or until the color of the berries mixes with water.
- Separate the berries with a sieve. Throw away the pieces of berries, leaving only the color solution that will be used to stain the fabric.
- Dip the cloth in a bowl of berry-based paint. Leave it on for about an hour, or until you achieve your desired color.
- 4 Find out which plants produce certain colors. Only certain plants can be used to produce various flowers. Here are some of the most popular:
- Onion husks and carrots give an orange color
- Coffee, tea, walnuts and dandelion give a brown color.
- Raspberries, cherries and strawberries for pink paint
- Red cabbage, mulberry, elderberry, blueberry, purple grapes, cornflower petals and purple irises for purple and blue colors
- Beetroot, rose hips and St. John's wort, absorbed in alcohol, for red
- Iris gives black paint
Method 4 Dyeing Tissues
- 1 Find out how long it takes to soak the fabric. Each paint is different, so the exact amount of time it takes to soak your fabric in the paint will vary, depending on the type of dye used.
- Using chemical dyes, follow the instructions on the packaging from them.
- When staining fabrics with chemical dyes, you usually need to soak it for 4-10 minutes.
- When dyeing fabrics with natural dyes, soak them in a warm, boiling dye for about 1 hour. For a more consistent, brighter color, soak the fabric all night.
- 2 Immerse the fabric in the lightest color, first. If you use many colors, soak the fabric in a lighter color first. Place the fabric in progressive dark shades after all other colors have already been used.
- Rinse the fabric under cool, running water, between different shades.
Method 5 Finishing Touches
- 1 Rinse in cool water. After you remove the knitted fabric from the paint solution, rinse thoroughly under cold running water.
- Continue to rinse the fabric until the water is clear on all sides.
- Note: this may take several minutes.
- 2 Untie the fabric. Carefully cut the elastic bands or threads that bind the fabric with scissors. Untangle the fabric to reveal the pattern.
- Cut carefully so as not to damage the fabric.
- As an alternative, you can alternately untie or untangle the elastic bands, instead of cutting them.
- 3 Wash the fabric in warm water. Use warm water and a small amount of dye-free detergent to wash the fabric. Rinse with cold water.
- You can wash the fabric in the washing machine or manually.
Choose the wash cycle that is recommended for the type of fabric that you decide to use.
- Dry the fabric in the way that is preferred for use with a particular type of material.
- Associated staining with vegetable dyes.
- Associated staining with berry dyes.
- Bound staining using chemical dyes.